During the whole process the carer guides and ensures to provide right

During the whole process the carer guides and ensures

This preview shows page 16 - 18 out of 24 pages.

During the whole process the carer guides and ensures to provide right direction to client’s in completing the tasks by doing things with the client instead of doing them for the client. Carer will have to discuss the goals of the client with them so that they can think of tasks that can help the client to achieve them. The larger goal need to be split into smaller tasks that could be achieved by the person and gradually lead towards larger goal being accomplished. Support should be adjusted for each client on an individual basis; support should be decreased for clients who are making progress and achieving their targets, but it should be increased for those who are struggling. Activity 4B Estimated Time 30 Minutes Objective To provide you with an opportunity to assist the older person to recognise the impact that changes associated with ageing may have on their activities of living. Activity What are the general physical changes associated with ageing?
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P a g e | 16 As people age, their body naturally deteriorates – this can lead to changes in their physical conditioning. Some common factors are: Vision – eyes dry up and lens becomes less accurate. Therefore, sight can become blurry and out of focus – glasses and contact lenses may need to be used as corrective measures. Hearing – the changing ear structure and nerves can lessen hearing ranges, with higher frequencies more difficult to hear. Taste and smell – the senses of smell and taste can fade, leading to a decreased appetite and weight loss. Immunity – the immune system gets weaker as we age, with white blood cells being less effective – leading to more frequent infections. Hair and nails – hair becomes thinner and drier, leading to possible itching and discomfort, as well as hair loss. Nails become brittle and fungal infections can become more common. Hormones – these can result in a multitude of problems and can affect metabolism, endocrine glands and sexual function. Teeth and gums – teeth weaken and dry out, with less saliva produced by glands. Coupled with receding gums, these can result in a dry mouth, tooth decay/loss, bad breath, infections and gum disease. Face – as well as wrinkles and age spots, facial contours may shift, leading to droopy, sagging skin. Body shape – bone changes can lead to spine curvature and a decrease in standing height. Muscle may waste away and fat metabolism can become impaired, making maintaining weight more difficult. Skin – skin oil is produced less, leading to dry and itchy skin. It becomes less flexible and more fragile – this can lead to easy bruising, wrinkles, age spots and skin tags. Bones, joints and muscles – bones become less dense and shrink, making them more prone to breaks; muscle mass decreases and they become weaker; joints become painful, less flexible and inflamed.
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