the river came under German machine-gun fire.” Even though the Russian Army had sustained heavy losses, Stalin had issued Order No. 227, which states, “Not a step back!” The Russian Army wasn’t allowed to retreat and if they did, the people were put to trial and they had a possibility to be killed. These led to the Russians holding the Nazi’s back and then the reinforcements had arrived. The reinforcements had helped the Russians hold of the city until the famous Russian Winter. As History.com states, “ As Russia’s brutal winter began, Soviet generals knew the Germans would be at a disadvantage, fighting in conditions to which they weren’t accustomed. They began consolidating their positions around Stalingrad, choking off the German forces from vital supplies and essentially surrounding them in an ever-tightening noose. Thanks to Russian gains in nearby fighting, including in Rostov-on-Don, 250 miles from Stalingrad, the Axis forces – mostly Germans and Italians – were stretched thin. Through Operation Little Saturn, the Russians began to break the lines of mostly Italian forces to the west of the city.” The Germans were pushed back to the point with no food and water and came down to them going to the sewers. From
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