28 born november 13 354 he died august 28 430 9

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'28BornNovember13,354,hediedAugust28,430.=9Enarratioinpsalmum48,sermo1.12,PL36.552.'30InJoannisevangelium6.25,PL35.1436-1437.Cf.ibid.at6.26,PL35.1437;Enarratioinpsalmum118,sermo11,PL37.1531;Epistola153.6.25,PL33.665.Forotherreferencestotheproblemofprivateproperty,seeDesermoneDeiinmonte2.14.47,PL34.1290;Sermo41.5,PL38.250;Sermo50.3.6,PL38.328;Sermo113.2.2,PL38.648.[Vol.34
PROBLEM OFPRIVATE PROPERTYreferredtoashistoricalactualities.ThemajorityoftheFathers,itmustbeadmited,wasfully awareoftheactualityofhistoricalfactandhistorical situation.ThusSt.Augustineremindedthesecularau-thoritiesthatcertainpostulatesofsocialjusticeshouldbe recognized,irrespectiveofanyapparantconflictsbetweentheChurchandtheRomanEmpire.TheextentofthecriticismdirectedbySt.Augustineagainst thelegalandsocialorderrepresentedbytheRomanEmpireofhisdayterminatedatthis point.It doesnotoccurtohim, however,torevolutionizethisorder.OnlyinaveryfewinstancesdidtheFathersopenly denouncethelegalinstitutionsoftheEmpireby declaringthemnullandvoid.Thisisthemoreinterestingsincetheseinstitutions,afterall,werein themainmerely declaratoryofthepredominantsocio-economictrends oftheday.Thus,onthewhole,theFathersonlyattemptedtomodifytheeffectsofsomelegalprovisionswhichintheirharshness wereconsideredincompatiblewith thenewChristianspiritofsocialjusticeand Christian charity.Inparticulartheycouldnotignore theRomanideaofthesignificanceofprivateproperty, theiusutendiet abutenti.IftheRomanjuristshad interpretedthisideainthelight oftheoverallsocialmeaningoflaw,adecisivecongruitywiththespiritof Christiansocialphilosophywould probablyhavetakenplace.AsuccessfulrapproachmentbetweentheRomanlegalorder andChristianteachings,ofcourse,was conditioneduponthedissolutionoftheiusabutendiandthedeterminationoftheiusutendiasaiusutendisocialiter-therighttouseone'spropertyandposses-sionsinasocialway,thatis,inamannerprofitingthewholeofsociety.TheinfluenceofthisChristian'socialinterpretationseemstobere-flectedin theInstitutesofJustinian:Expeditenimreipublicaemequisresunamaleutatur-itisintheinterestofthecommonwealthatnooneshouldmake illuseofhisproperty.lsoaThisprovision,whichisdefi-nitelytheresultofa late Romandevelopment,definitelydiscardstheextremesolipsist view onprivatepropertycharacteristicoftheearlierRomanlaw233Itwas,therefore,morereconcilablewiththePatristicconceptofnaturallawand naturaljustice.Inthis fashionalsothei3oaInstitutes1.8.2.ThispassageactuallyreferstoarescriptofEmperorAn-toninusPius(138-161)whichspecificallyrestrainsslave-ownersfrominflict-ingcruelpunishmentonslaves.AsimilarideacanbefoundinGaius1.53,whichalsoreferstothetreatment ofslavesand,hence,cannotreallybeconsideredageneralprincipleofRomanLaw.

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Term
Fall
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Claudia Müller
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Marquette Law Review

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