1 vascular disorder 2 aphasic stroke 3 dratonin 4

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1.vascular disorder 2.aphasic stroke 3.dratonin 4.neoplasms Option 1 is correct. A vascular disorder occurs when there is a disruption of blood flow to the brain caused by a stroke, and this usually has an effect on cognitive functioning (COG, pp. 126-127). Option 4 is incorrect because neoplasm is a brain tumour, and although a tumour can have a significant effect on cognitive processing, it does not entail a blood flow problem. Option 2 is incorrect because an aphasic stroke is a stroke resulting in an impairment of language functions, but this type of stroke could also have resulted from a hemorrhage (rupture of a blood vessel), and not necessarily from a blood flow problem. QUESTION 29 A person who has suffered some sort of brain injury affecting only his or her hippocampus is most likely to show difficulty with: 1.the consolidation of encoded information in the long-term store. 2.encoding of procedural information. 3.retrieval of semantic information. 4.retrieval of episodic information Option 1 is correct. As the discussion in CPOG (pp. 223-224) shows, the hippocampus appears to play a pivotal role in the transference of information from short-term to long-term memory. The main functions of the hippocampus are also discussed on page 97 in COG. Options 2, 3, and 4 are incorrect because the difficulty lies not just in retrieving or encoding information for ‘short durations’, but in remembering it over a period of time.
PYC3703 - Previous Assignments Page 88of 104QUESTION 30 After a test, Jill identified and then learned the information that she had forgotten for the test. She noted that there was a “saving” in that the information was learned faster the second time. Jill has discovered the concept of ______. 1.partial-report method 2.subsequent refinement 3.relearning 4.permastore Option 3 is correct. Jill discovered the process of relearning because she found that she acquired the information faster when she had to relearn the information. She therefore discovered that there is some of the information previously learned is still available in her memory (had been ‘saved’), so that the relearning process is much easier and faster than the initial learning process had been. QUESTION 31 This part of the working memory model allows for an interface that can integrate different types of information from various systems. 1.central executive 2.episodic buffer 3.phonological loop 4.visuospatial sketchpad Option 2 is correct. The various components of working memory are described in COG (pp. 203-205). Note that the episodic buffer ‘binds’ information between the visual sketchpad and phonological loop, and therefore serves an integrative function. Option 1 is incorrect because although the central executive regulates processing it does not integrate information from the different components of working memory.

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