Canada is a diverse country political parties in

This preview shows page 19 - 22 out of 49 pages.

Canada is a diverse country – political parties in Canada can be classified as brokerage parties Doesn’t focus on just one ideology – dilutes ideology Doesn’t label themselves with one specific ideology Party Financing: Sources of Party Finance o Membership fees o Individual Contributions o Contributions from corporations and unions In Canada: o Reformed by Bill C-24 : Received Royal Assent on June 19 th , 2003 o Individual donations limited to $5000 dollars a year (Up to $5000 for a leadership campaign) Decided to change how money is distributed o Union and corporate donations limited to $1000 a year o Harper’s Amendments – Accountability Act changed all of the above Unions can give $0 Individuals can only give $1000 o Political Subsidy – implemented for harsh amendments For every vote a political party got – receive $1.75 Eliminated after a few years Money also used in between elections – Permanent Campaign The Decline of Political Parties: Fair Elections Act o Cannot vouche o Cannot vote on someone else’s behalf Rise of Interest Groups TV/Media o Why vote when you can access everything on social media Public Opinion Polls o Harper successful because of this o Research on what the specific issue that people want to focus on
“Professionalization of Politics” Civil Society and Interest Groups: Focus more on chapters than lecture Civic Engagement: Civic Engagement: 2 types o 1) Volunteering Very low before 1999 Implemented mandatory volunteer for 40 hours in Ontario Not very popular in Canada o 2) Social Capital Putnam – “Bowling Alone” (book) If every person joins into a organization/social network – cuts someone’s chances of dying in half Divides social capital into 2 aspects 1) Bridging : o Interacting with other diverse groups o Muslims with Hindu’s o Create social network 2) Bonding : o Only joining one group that caters to your own interest o Within that group you form a bond Bonding/bridging essential to social capital Bonding can be bad - KKK Ability of people to enter into social organizations for the purpose of establishing trust and mutual benefits Establishes mutual interests with one another, expands to everyone Cyberactivism o The increasing influence of social networking sites o Is the power of physical mobilization compromised with cyberactivism? Physical Mobilization – very successful; but cyberactivism is increasing Interest Groups: (EXAM – compare political parties to interest groups) Organizations which have some autonomy from government or political parties and try to influence public policy AKA organized interests, pressure groups 60% belong to interest groups vs. 40% to political Party o Political Party – very lucrative Can use support of interest groups for their own agenda o Interest groups – more on social problems Canada – becoming more materialistic; interests groups focus on this Sometimes go against political parties
Characteristics: Interest Groups o Always have a formal structure

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture