Qin Dynasty Begin construction of the Great Wall of China Also improved upon

Qin dynasty begin construction of the great wall of

This preview shows page 55 - 65 out of 87 pages.

Qin Dynasty Begin construction of the Great Wall of China Also improved upon defensive city walls Qin will formalize institutions in China Weights and measures Coinage Written Chinese Language Chinese culture was centralized Subculture or “Non-Chinese” culture was seen as a sign of poverty
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Qin Dynasty Qin did not last after the death of Shi Huangdi Built a tomb complex filled with Terra Cotta statues His son took control, incompetent Raised taxes to work on internal improvements His advisors fought amongst themselves Would not take criticism, executed those who disagreed with him Chinese states broke apart and civil war began
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Han Dynasty (201 B.C.E. – 220 C.E.) Founded by Liu Bang after the collapse of the Qin dynasty Considered the high point in Classical China’s history “People of the Han” Institutions in China became more formalized Capital in Chang’an Bureaucracy grew larger Civil service exams began Could raise the status of a poor family
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Han Dynasty Han encourages the Silk Road Trade Trade route from China to Europe Increase in Iron production for tools and weapons Iron industry was taken over by the government in 117 B.C.E. Later repealed by the Eastern Han Made early Steel Government also built irrigation and canals Waterwheels to mill grain
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Han Dynasty Agriculture Han used rotating field method of planting Ox-drawn plows with a collar Rice was main crop Han created paper Would come to Europe through trade, combined with Egyptian Papyrus Han had advanced mathematics
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Han Dynasty Patriarchal Society Women were not allowed to have high places in government or the economy Child emperors were often assisted by their mothers who became Dowager Empresses Social Structure Emperor was at the top of society Governmental elites Peasants, Artisans, Unskilled Labor Reflected Confucianism
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Fall of the Han Wang Mang (45 BC–23 AD) becomes regent of underage emperor Does not give up control when emperor becomes an adult Claims Mandate of Heaven, begins Xin Dynasty Reforms: Outlawing slavery Nationalizing land and distributing it equally Introducing new currencies
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Fall of the Han Xin Dynasty (9-23 C.E.) Reforms unpopular Rebellions begin Unable to stop rebel groups Red Eyebrows Wang Mang is killed in 23 C.E. Han Dynasty is reestablished Known as the Eastern Han (capital in Luoyang)
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Fall of the Han The Han are unable to fully recover from Wang Mang rebellion By 184 C.E., rebellion spreads through China Outside invasions from other Asian nations (Korea, Vietnam) Taxes were heavy on peasants who had little food due to poor harvest Epidemic disease spread through China Students began to revolt Decline in Confucian ideals & general morality
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Fall of the Han Strong military encourages unrest
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