ReferencesThe basis of this chapter was initially published in Crossroads: The Multicultural Roots of America’s Popu-lar Music, 2nd edition by Barkley, E.F. (New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2010), and included the references below. To update the content for this digital environment, I have used less traditional resources such as recording artists’ biography websites, music award sites (e.g., Grammy Awards), Wikipedia, digital music archives, and so forth. If you have any concerns or corrections regarding content or references, please contact Web Support who will in turn contact me. Thank you. EFBBerlin, Edward A. Ragtime: A Musical and Cultural History. Berkeley, California: University of California Press, 1980.Brooks, Tilford. America’s Black Musical Heritage.Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1984.Dexter Jr., Dave. The Jazz Story from the 90s to the 60s.Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Pren-tice-Hall, Inc., 1964.Dow Dell, D.C. Author of website: A Passion for Jazz: Music History and Education. -passion4jazz.netGitler, Ira. Swing to Bop: An Oral History of the Transition in Jazz in the 1940s.New York: Ox-ford University Press, 1985.Gridley, Mark. Jazz Style: History and Analysis.5th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1994.Hennessey, Thomas J. From Jazz to Swing: African American Jazz Musicians and Their Music, 1890-1935.Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1994.Jones, Morley. Alan Rich, Editor. The Simon and Schuster Listener’s Guide to Jazz.New York: Simon and Schuster, 1980.Levine, Mark. The Jazz Piano Book.Petaluma, CA: Sher Music Company, 1989.Megill, Donald D. and Richard S. DeMory. Introduction to Jazz History. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1989.Morgan, Thomas L. and William Barlow. Cakewalks to Concert Halls: An Illustrated History of African American Popular Music from 1895 to 1930.Washington, D.C.: Elliott and Clark Publish-ing, 1992.Oxford English Dictionary, Volume VIII. “Jazz.” 1989. Roach, Hildred. Black American Music: Past and Present, Volume 1. Malabar, Florida: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company, Inc., 1973 and reprinted 1985.Rodger, “A Small Piece of Smooth Jazz Historical Trivia.” From website “Smooth & Soul: Your Guide to the World of Smooth Jazz.” (accessed 2-9-05)E l i z a b e t h F. B a r k l e y •K e n d a l l H u n t P u b l i s h i n g •G re a t R i v e r L e a r n i n g3 6
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