Alternatively spillover from boring or monotonous

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personal resources in assisting the worker to manage stress. Alternatively, spillover from boring or monotonous work can result in a “motivation deficit” and lack of initiate, making the worker passive at home. Outside events and family relationships have been shown to affect work commitment and performance in the work arena CHAPTER THREE 3.1 Methodology This chapter describes the methods used to gather relevant data to the study. It involves philosophy of science, research approach, methods, population, sample size and sampling technique, the procedure of sampling and explanation of methods and tools of data collection, analysis and interpretation of research findings. NORD, 2000: 42 42 ibid 43 21
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3.2 Philosophy of Science Author Guba, E. defines the term paradigm used in its most common or generic sense: a basic set of beliefs that guides action, whether of the everyday garden variety or action taken in connection with a disciplined inquiry. 44 Philosophy of Science in this study can be looked at from three perspectives: Ontological - How the world is seen and understood. Epistemological - Data collection methods and tools. Methodological - Methods and research design used to uncover answers. Based on these findings, the paradigm of postpositivism was chosen as the most relevant paradigm. In regard to staying objective in finding answers and uncovering the truths, questionnaires are used for data collection. The paradigm of post-positivism can be summarised as following : 45 Ontology: Critical realist - reality exists but can never be fully apprehended. It is driven by natural laws that can be only incompletely understood. Epistemology: Modified objectivist - objectivity remains a regulatory ideal, but it can only be approximated, with special emphasis placed on external guardians such as the critical tradition and the critical community. Methodology: Modified experimental/manipulative - emphasise critical multiplism. Redress imbalances by doing inquiry in more natural settings, using more qualitative methods, depending more on grounded theory, and reintroducing discovery into the inquiry process. The author has characterised postpositivism as a modified version of positivism. Having 46 assessed the damage that positivism has incurred, postpositivists struggle to limit that damage as well as to adjust to it. Prediction and control continue to be the goal. Methodologically, emphasis is put on critical mulitplism, which could be seen as a form of elaborated triangulation. If human sensory and intellective mechanisms cannot be relied 47 Egon, 1990: 17 44 Egon, 1990: 19 45 ibid 46 ibid 47 22
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upon, it is essential that the findings of a question should be based on as many sources as possible. This means, if objectivity can never be entirely attained, relying on many different sources makes it less likely that false interpretation will be made.
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