arousal of autonomic nervous system resistance drops below normal shock

Arousal of autonomic nervous system resistance drops

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arousal of autonomic nervous system; resistance drops below normal (shock) resistance autonomic nervous system returns to normal functioning; resistance increases to reflect adaptation exhaustion loses ability to adapt, resistance plummets fight-or-flight response= physiological reactions that help ready us to fight or flee a dangerous situation eg.dry mouth, sweat, heart beats faster, etc physiological condition returns to normal after fleeing a dangerous situation continued state of arousal can lead to negative physical and psychological problems eg. survivors of concentration camps have poorer health than people of same age effects of stressors depend on people’s perceptions and emotional react ivity cognitive appraisal=one’s perception of a stressful situation primary appraisal: evaluate threat judge seriousness decide threat is real, make a secondary appraisal secondary appraisal: assess whether we have the resources to cope adequately with threat extent to which we believe stressor is serious and we do not have necessary resources, determines our level of stress eg. you have an upcoming exam: primary appraisal you have a reason to be stressed you haven’t done any of the readings Downloaded by Ryan Radisa ([email protected]) lOMoARcPSD|3982608
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Queen’s University SOS: Students Offering Support Raising Marks, Raising Money, Raising Roofs secondary appraisal (1) you don’t have resources (textbooks, friends) to help you study you will be very stressed! secondary appraisal (2) you have a friend who can give you her notes from the textbook, you can attend the PSYC 100 SOS session you will not be as stressed people show different levels of stress when faced with same stressor eg. if getting good grades is important to you, you will be more stressed when you fail an exam, than someone else who doesn’t care about his grades type A pattern : high levels of competitiveness and hostility, impatience, an intense disposition, fast movements, rapid speech associated with increased risk of CHD type B pattern : less competitive and hostile, more patient, easygoing and tolerant less likely to suffer from CHD stress can impair function of immune system: immune system protects body from invading bacteria, viruses and other foreign substances greater likelihood of infectious diseases aggravate autoimmune diseases stress increases secretion of glucocorticoids, which directly suppress activity of immune system increased susceptibility to infectious diseases from stress people are unhappy immunoglobin levels are lower immunoglobin is first defence against infectious micro-organisms eg. caregivers of family members with Alzheimer’s had weaker immune systems Coping with Stress stress inoculation training teaches people to develop coping skills that increase their resistance to the negative effects of stress developed by Meichenbaum involves realistic appraisals, developing self-control skills, and desensitization
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