17. Convict Lease System- penal labor practiced in the Southern United States. Convict leasing provided prisoner labor to private parties, such as plantation owners and corporations. 18. Social Darwinism - The belief that only the fittest survive in human political and economic struggle. 19. Buffalo Soldiers - A nickname given to African Americans who served in the US army in the West by the Native Americans. 20. Talented Tenth - They were the top ten percent of blacks in the country (the most successful and best educated) 21. Tuskegee Machine- A popular euphemism used by a number of early twentieth century black intellectuals, including Monroe Trotter and W. E. B. Du Bois, the Tuskegee Machine referred to the financial control exerted over black education and, in particular, over black newspapers and periodicals by Booker T. Washington. 22. Universal Negro Improvement Association- a group founded by Marcus Garvey to promote black cooperation and the settlement of American blacks in their own "African homeland" 23. Great Migration - the movement of 6 million African-Americans out of the rural Southern United States to the urban Northeast, Midwest, and West that occurred between 1910 and 1970. 24. Pan-Africanism - the idea that peoples of African descent have common interests and should be unified. 25. Harlem Renaissance - was an African American cultural movement.It was centered around Harlem, a suburb of New York City . 26. National Negro League- one of the several Negro leagues which were established during the period in the United States in which organized baseball was segregated 27. Black Cabinet- group of African Americans FDR appointed to key Government positions; served as unofficial advisors to the president.
28. Federal Arts Project- New Deal agency formed to promote the creation of public art. 29. Nation of Islam – A religious movement that combines Islam with black nationalism. 30. Congress of Racial Equality- Protest group committed to nonviolent direct action. 31. Southern Christian Leadership Conference- Organization to provide an institutional base for civil rights movement. 32. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee – civil rights organization founded by black college students in 1960 at the initiative of Ella Baker. 33. The Albany Movement- The movement when SNCC members moved into the city to register voters. 34. Civil Rights Act of 1964 – Federal law banning discrimination in place of public accommodation. 35. Voting Rights Act of 1965- Federal law banning the methods that systematically excluded African Americans from registering or voting in southern elections. FILL IN THE BLANKS: 1 point each! 36. Created as a temporary agency to assist freedmen in making the transition to freedom : Freedmen’s Bureau 37. The period following the Civil War during which the former Confederate states rejoined the Union: Reconstruction 38. Techniques to prevent Blacks from voting: literacy tests 39. U.S. Supreme Court decision giving segregation legal status in America: Plessy v.
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- Fall '16
- John E. Williams