parameters over time as they are necessary measures of well-being and optimal development in children and adolescents (Morelli et al, 2014). Components of the physical examination should comprise of a thorough examination of the patient’s general appearance, scalp, hair distribution, head, facial symmetry, nails, and skin. A patient’s neurological development should be examined along with the patient’s abdomen and extremities. The patient’s blood should be assessed for anemia and lead exposure if they are at risk for lead toxicity. The pediatric patient should also be screened for visual and hearing disturbances. All of these components are essential to detect developmental delays, physical abnormalities, prevention of any illness that could potentially prevent a child from have positive patient health outcomes (Choo et al, 2019). References Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2019). Important Milestones: Your child by five years. Retrieved from Choo, Y. Y., Yeleswarapu, S. P., How, C. H., & Agarwal, P. (2019). Developmental assessment: practice tips for primary care physicians. Singapore medical journal , 60 (2), 57–62. doi:10.11622/smedj.2019016 Morelli, D. L., Pati, S., Butler, A., Blum, N. J., Gerdes, M., Pinto-Martin, J., & Guevara, J. P. (2015). Challenges to implementation of developmental screening in urban primary care: a mixed methods study. BMC pediatrics, 14, 16. doi:10.1186/1471-2431-14-16 US Department of Health and Mental Services. (2014). BIRTH TO 5: WATCH ME THRIVE! A COMPENDIUM OF SCREENING MEASURES FOR YOUNG CHILDREN. Retrieved from
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