Had to resort to nuclear weaponry to defeat china

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had to resort to nuclear weaponry to defeat China long before the latter acquired a similar capability, there is little hope of winning a war against China 50 years later, short of using nuclear weapons. The US estimates that China possesses about 20 nuclear warheads that can destroy major American cities. Beijing also seems prepared to go for the nuclear option . A Chinese military officer disclosed recently that Beijing was considering a review of its "non first use" principle regarding nuclear weapons. Major-General Pan Zhangqiang, president of the military-funded Institute for Strategic Studies, told a gathering at the Woodrow Wilson International Centre for Scholars in Washington that although the government still abided by that principle, there were strong pressures from the military to drop it. He said military leaders considered the use of nuclear weapons mandatory if the country risked dismemberment as a result of foreign intervention . Gen Ridgeway said that should that come to pass, we would see the destruction of civilisation. There would be no victors in such a war . While the prospect of a nuclear Armaggedon over Taiwan might seem inconceivable, it cannot be ruled out entirely, for China puts sovereignty above everything else . Page 34
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DDI ‘08 Trade Generic Alex Zavell IPR Module: Medicines Strong patent protection is crucial for drug companies to create new, better medicines for AIDS, innovation is key to ending aids. Bate and Tren resident fellow at the American Enterprise Institute and director of Africa Fighting Malaria- 2001 (Roger and Richard, International Policy Network, “TRIPS and Healthcare: Rethinking the Debate-Malaria and Patents,” July 2001, ) [Zavell] This is great news for basic research and is certainly welcome, but breakthroughs in basic science will not lead to innovative new products that are thoroughly tested without the right incentives being in place for the companies that specialize in that part of the drug development process. Governments have shown themselves to be largely incapable of bringing new drugs to market. Although as the public private partnership involved in Mefloquine discovery discussed above demonstrates, they can play a critical role in the early stages. But in addition to this role, governments can change incentives for those better placed to transform relatively untested chemicals into viable pharmaceuticals. In addition to strong product patent protection, such incentives include tax breaks, guaranteed markets and prizes (see Morris 2001 for a discussion of these possibilities). Speeding up the process for approval of medicines also encourages are withdrawing drug trials from South Africa largely because of the inordinately long time that the South African Medicines Control Council (MCC) takes to approve the trials (Kirkman, 2001). Also removal of taxation on drugs would substantially lower prices and increase effective demand. Governments can in principle provide the right institutional environment for research and development. That
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