About a black family moving into a white neighborhood

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About a black family moving into a white neighborhood So successful it goes on Broadway First African American person to have play on Broadway A lot of integrationist views Harlem The Black Arts Repertory Theatre o 1965 – Amiri Baraka Created theatre Rejection of integrationist idea No longer need to try to be one with white people o Black Power Movement Art arm of Black Arts Movement Kenyan Theatre Brief History of Kenya Lower Paleolithic o Descendants from millions of years ago East Africa Protectorate o British explored Africa and tried to take parts of land o 1895
British took piece of land that is now present-day Kenya Created East Africa Protectorate Protectorate Sovereign state under protection of a country in exchange for goods and services Agreement to grow coffee lasted 15 years Kenya Colony o British created Kenya Colony Colony Territory that is fully governed by another country o Whites only territory o Native population worked on coffee plantations under 1964 Independent Republic of Kenya o Independence achieved through British Empire buying out white settlers/colonizers The Mau Mau Rebellion Dedan Kimathi o Leader of Mau Mau Group of native population that in the 1950s tried to fight for independence Not successful o Captured and executed in 1957 o Seen by native Kenyan population as mythic hero The Trial of Dedan Kimathi (1976) o Ngugi wa Thiong’o & Micere Githae Mugo Authors of play End of play Dedan Kimathi killed Supposed to prompt celebration o Wrote play b/c they are trying to capture an indigenous spirit to override heavy instilled British influence Need to create own work and art o Play about Mau Mau Rebellion and celebrates Dedan Kimathi as mythic hero Ngugi wa Thiogo’o & Kamirithu Theatre Indigenous o To be true Kenya literature, needs to be indigenous o Needs to come from ideas of Kenyan people, not British Kikuya Language o Needs to be in language that Kenyans can understand o Not English Ideology o Set of conscious or unconscious ideas that make up your worldview o Changes throughout entire life by different influences o Ngugi wanted to change ideology Wrote a play in 1970s in Kikuya Language Petitions gov’t to perform it in Kamirithu Theatre o Traditional Kenyan outdoor theatre After 6 performances, gov’t shutdown play o Claimed he was stealing resources from literacy classes o Imprisoned Ngugi without any charges
Real reason for shutdown play o Because it was critical of gov’t and done in Kikuya Language Exiled after released from prison o Teaches at UCI Ngugi vowed to never write a play in English again o Believes Language has power to oppress those who don’t speak language Kenyan National Theatre o Started in 1952 o Not investing in producing by and for native Kenyan population Still operating under European/colonial/Western ideas and influence Not Kenyan Theatre Intervention Theatre Practice & Prepare for Activism Question Status Quo o

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