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25 Business Ethics –MGT610 VU Utilitarianism’s problem with Rights and Justice The major difficulty with utilitarianism, according to some critics, is that it is unable to deal with two kinds of moral issues: those relating to Rights and those relating to Justice. The utilitarian principal implies that certain actions are morally right when in fact they are unjust or they violate people's rights. The great benefits a system may have for the majority does not justify the extreme burdens that it imposes on a small group. The shortcoming of utilitarianism is that it allows benefits and burdens to be distributed among the members of society in any way whatsoever so long as the total amount of benefits is maximized. Utilitarianism looks only at how much utility is produced in a society and fails to take into account how that utility is distributed among the members of society. Considerations of Justice (which look at how benefits and burdens are distributed among people) and Rights (which look at individual entitlements to freedom of choice and to well- being) seemed to be ignored by analysis that looks only at the costs and benefits of decisions. A Basis for Moral Rights: Kant Utilitarianism and Kantian ethics, they both have different views to what they believe about lives being of equal moral value. The two also have different views of what moral considerability is, which means the certain traits that give you your personhood. When those ideas are then out in to action, they will yield two different results, such as the case when one looks at abortion. In general, people who follow Kantian ethics are more concerned and centered on the fact that if a person a living, breathing being, they are of moral value, not giving as much concern to the quality of life that the person has. When you look at these two general ideas of the different types of ethics, Kantian Ethics seems to be the much more sound and moral view. It is inclined to look at the fact that the person is a person and can contribute to society in some fashion. Even though utilitarianism claim to be more concerned with the welfare of the members of a society, it really just takes the value and importance out of human beings. When talking about Utilitarianism and Kantian ethics, one of the things that separates the two views is the way in which they differentiate between moral considerablility. Kant’s theory of morality is the most feasible in determining a person’s duty in a moral situation. The basis for his theory is perhaps the most noble of any, acting morally because doing so is the right thing to do. His ideas, no matter how vague or overly rigid, work easily in most situations. Some exceptions do exist, but are well out down by the ones that do occur in every situation. But despite these exceptions, the process Kant describes of converting maxims to universal laws to test their moral beliefs. This provides us with a useful guide and a system of ethics and morality.
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