Generate high income less prestigious o pays less o

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Generate high incomeLess prestigiousoPays lessoRequires less ability and schooling°SchoolingAffects occupation and income
oWhite collar jobsMost require some sort of advanced study ordegreesoBlue collar jobsLower income and lower prestigeLess education°Ancestry, race, and genderAncestryoStrong bearing on schooling, occupation, and incomeRaceoLinked closely to social position in the USGenderoOn average, women have less income, wealth, andoccupational prestige than men°SOCIAL CLASSES IN THE US°Low level of status consistency in the USUpper classMiddle classWorking classLower class°The Upper ClassUpper uppersoLess than 1% of US populationoMembership is by ascription (birth)Lower uppersoKnown as the working rich
o3-4% of US populationomost do not gain entry into the clubs and associations of oldmoney families°The Middle Class40-45% of US population°upper middles110=-191,0002/3 of children attend collegehigh prestige occupationsimportant role in local politics°average middle classless prestigious white collar highly skilled blue collar occupations°The Working Class°1/3 of populationlower middle classhave little or no wealthjobs provide little personal satisfactionThe Lower Class20% of US populationinsecurityhold low prestige jobs½ complete high school; ¼ reaches college°THE DIFFERENCE CLASS MAKERS°Max WeberSocial stratification affects people’s life chances
oHealthoValues and attitudesoPoliticsofamily°social mobilityover the past century – fairly highwithin a single generation: usually smallthe long term trend: upwardsince the 1970’s: uneven°the extent of poverty in the USrelative povertyodeprivation of some people in relation to othersofamilies with income below official poverty linepoverty line is 3x’s what the government estimates a family willspend on food°explaining povertyone view: blame the poorothe poor are responsible for their own povertyoculture of povertyothe actual facts support this ideaanother view: Blame societyosociety is primarily responsible for povertyothe actual reasons tend to support this idea°CRITICAL REVIEWFacts support “Blame the poor position”
oMajor cause of poverty is not holding a jobReasons that people do not work are more in step with the “Blamesociety” position°°°°°°VIDEO NOTES: WAGING A LIVING°People feel as if they are hustling backwards°The wage gap has widened. The poor are getting poorer while the richare getting richer°People feel as if the American dream no longer exists°Only 37% of single moms receive child support°In the year following a divorce a man’s standard of living rises 10%, awoman’s drops 27%°The situation of the poor is not seen by many in America, but it is areality.°Families headed by single mothers are five times more likely to be poorthan families with two parents°

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