MATH
D1-The-Ultimate-Student’s-Guide-to-Preparing-for-the-AP-Spanish-Language-Exam-v2.pdf

Commands can be broken down into four main types tú

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Commands can be broken down into four* main types: tú affirmative, tú negative, Usted, and Ustedes.
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The Ultimate AP Spanish Language Grammar Review Guide Cont. 56 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] *There are also vosotros commands, but these will not be necessary on the AP exam. Tú + The affirmative tú command tells someone to do something. It’s easy to form; just use the third person singular (él/ella/Ud.) form of the verb in the present indicative. For example, if your dad tells you to take out the trash, he might yell, “¡ Saca la basura ahorrita!” If your teacher tells you to speak Spanish on the AP exam, she might say, Habla español en el exámen de AP.” Easy, right? The tricky part comes in with the irregulars (there are quite a few). These are the irregulars that you should memorize for the AP exam: Hacer: haz Poner: pon Ser: sé Decir: di Salir: sal Venir: ven Ir: ve Tener: ten Remember: these are only the informal commands, so if you are speaking to Ud. or Uds., the commands will be formed differently. Tú -, Ud. +-, Uds. +- To form the tú negative (telling someone NOT to do something), and the positive OR negative Ud./Uds. Commands, we use the subjunctive.
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The Ultimate AP Spanish Language Grammar Review Guide Cont. 57 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] Reminder: this means we 1. Take the ‘yo’ 2. Drop the ‘o’ 3. Add the opposite ending. For the tú negative, for example, my mom might tell me not to go to bed late: “Hijita, no te acuestes muy tarde por favor.” Acostarse is an -AR verb, so the opposite 2 nd person ending is -es. To form the Ud. and Uds. commands, whether positive OR negative, we do the same thing, except we add the 3 rd person endings. I might ask my teacher to repeat what he said: “Profesor, repita , por favor.” Or your boss might ask you and your coworkers not to send personal emails at work: “Por favor no manden los correos personales durante las horas del trabajo.” If a verb is irregular in the subjunctive, that change will stay in the commands. For example: ir no vayas, vaya, no vaya, vayan, no vayan
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The Ultimate AP Spanish Language Grammar Review Guide Cont. 58 Interested in an Albert license? E-mail us at [email protected] Reflexive/Object Pronouns If reflexive, direct, or indirect object pronouns are necessary, they have specific placement with commands. 1. Pronouns are added to the end of affirmative commands: Profesor, por favor mándeme* un correo electrónico. Hijo, acuéstate* pronto. 2. Pronouns are added to the beginning of negative commands, but after the ‘no’: Dónde debo poner los platos sucios? No los ponga en la mesa. *Note: when adding pronouns to the end of commands, the same accent rules apply. Start at the last vowel, and count back two.
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