The Future of Intelsat After 30 years, Intelsat is confronting a new reality The environment today is rife with deregulation, competition, liberalization, and privatization oThe original 144 partners in Intelsat find themselves with increasingly different goals, owners and domestic policies One particular concern as the complete privatization of Intelsat in 2011 They tend to promote agreements that protect all members and all nations but peripheral nations are now fearful that they will be totally neglected in a privatized environment ITU’s Changing Role and Expectations
When it was founded in 1865 it was meant to coordinate agreements between 20 nations concerning interconnecting telegraph networks for international telegraph traffic During the first decades of the ITU’s existence, most telecommunication carriers were monopoly providers already owned by the governments of various nations The balance of power has shifted with the liberalization of the telecommunications environment to the private sector The current situation in the ITU: private sector members are providing an estimated 90% of the intellectual and technical contributions that underpin the ITU’s recommendations and technical standardsEven in its current form, ITU can largely take single-handed credit for the successful development of the world’s current telecommunications networks over the last 100 years Peripheral nations are concerned that private sector voting rights will go to multinational corporations based in core regions such as the US, Europe or Japan oOver time, marginal voices of these nations can become even weakerThe ITU now has a concern for the growing gap between the information rich and the information poor on the digital divideWorld Summit on the Information Society The UN endorsed this in 2001 – it was held in Geneva in 2003 and in Tunis in 2005 –both phases were coordinated by the ITU It sought ways to make the information society equitable and inclusive by discussingissues such as access, capacity and connectivity A final plan of action aimed at reducing the digital divide emerged from the second phase but there are already two areas of contention The first issue: UNESCO and the ITU and the UN all played a part in the contentious debate about NWICOThe second issue: relates to the governance of the internetoIt was pointed out that the digital divide was reflected in the distribution of domain names and IP addresses oSome suggest that the internet should be regulated top-down to protect national and political interests World Trade Organization In 1947 the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was formed by most of the industrialized nations – its basic aim was to establish international rules for promoting freer trade by reducing tariffs, government grants, or subsidies On Jan 1, 1995 the WTO succeeded GATT – currently the WTO has 158 member nations and is headquartered in Geneva o
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- Winter '16
- Helen Hambly
- World Trade Organization, International Telecommunication Union, ITU, communications satellite, peripheral nations