Ancient democracy athens cont week 5 oct 11

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Ancient Democracy: Athens (Con’t)(week 5 – Oct. 11)Institutions of Ancient Democracy Con’tCentral institution: The AssemblyoCitizens are able to discuss lawoPower of speech: important & dangerous power b/c the possibility of a DemogogoDeveloped tools to limit the power of speech (2)The Council (aka Boulé)oTwo tasks: prepare the sessions of the assembly (drafting the bills to be presented)implement/ execute the decisions made by the citizens in the assemblyo500 members of council – drawn by lot (random) – volunteerssit on council for one yearmembership cannot be renewed immediatelycould not be a member of council more than twicemembers chosen randomly were selected among the artificial tribes/deems develop by kleistanyeach of 10 tribes would get 50 members (council lot done within the tribe)each tribal group of 50 would exercise power for about 36 days (prytane) within each prytanewould be 4 assemblies’ eachpresident would be selected by lot and preside the council for one dayengaging in war and politics allow for the creation of bonds between people (strangers) – deemsthe lottery system: not a choice/questions of convenience Athenians thought that choosing by lot was allowing the gods to decide who was being chosenThe Gods used the lottery to choose the king of Gods (Ex. Zeus)Athenians believed that the lottery system was immune to the effects of demagogy (corruption)Lottery system has the benefit of achieving the true equality of all citizens – designates anybody and everybody (not due to money, status, education) Simply indicates a citizen as a citizen The lottery system has the benefit of the rotation of public office holders (will not always be the same people holding/ running office)Allows for the rotation we don’t find in electoral systemso“excellence of a good citizen is to be able to command well and obey well” (Aristotle)find more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
vs. Elections:tendency to select the same people or the same kindsof peoplePublic OfficesoThose who held public offices are senior civil holdersoSimilar to the top of the hierarchy in our public services today oIn Athens there are 700 types of public offices 600/700 were chosen by lot term limit of one year on public offices (mandate)public office holders cannot renew their positioncould not hold office for more than one mandate The bearers of public office were chosen from a list of volunteers (at least30+)When chosen for public office you had to undergo examination administered by the council, pledge allegiance to AthensWhen the mandate is over, actions undertook over that mandate were scrutinized by council ex. Thinking of your own private interest, council could bring you to court (abusing/misusing power) – could result in exile or death ofinal 100 offices were decided via elections

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