-By 1 year, many kinds of memories are apparent—for instance, a 9-month-old may watch someone play with a toy he or she has never seen before; then, if given that toyon the next day, the 9-month-old will play with the toy based on the previous day’s observation.7.Language Development: Theories, milestones (cooing, babbling, spoken words; 1stwords, holographic, telegraphic, word explosion, etc.)
Psych7Study Guide: Exam #1-10-18 months: First words - holographic phrases-Naming explosion- sudden increase in an infant’s vocabulary = 18 months-18-24 months: two-word phrases - telegraphic speech, vocabulary of 100-275 words. Vocab explode after they reach 50 words. 24 months know 2x words as 18 months.-24 months+: three words and beyond - rule systems8.Vaccines and Herd Immunity-Vaccines are unsafe for:1. Embryos (women who are pregnant)2. Newborns3. People with compromised immune systems- Problems with vaccines1. Reactions2. Potential side effects3. Parental refusal; myths- Herd Immunity: Vaccinate yourself in order to protect those who cannot get vaccinesLecture #2 and Chapter 4; 6 questions1.Self-awareness-A child’s realization that he or she is a distinct individual whose body, mind, and actions are separate from those of other people -15 – 24 months old shows self-awareness by touching their own nose with curiosity2.TEXT: Different types of attachment styles -0-6 weeks: Preattachment– newborns signal, via crying and body movements that they need others. Primed by brain pattern to recognized familiar voices and faces. -6 weeks-8months: Attachment in the making– infants respond preferentially to familiar people by smiling, laughing, babbling. Trust develops.-8 months-2 years: Classic secure attachment– Infants greet the primary caregiver, play happily when they are present, show separation anxiety when the caregiver leaves. Both seek proximity and contact
Psych7Study Guide: Exam #1-2-6 years: Attachment as a launching pad– children seek their caregivers praise and reassurance as their social world expands. Interactive conversations and games. Children expect comfort and entertainment. -6-12 years: Mutual attachment– seek to make their caregiver proud by learning whatever adults want them to learn. Specific accomplishments are valued by adults.-12-18 years: New attachment figures– teenagers explore and make new friends independents from parents, using their working models of earlier attachment as base-18 years +: Attachment revisited – adults develop relationships with others, especially relationships with romantic partners and their own children, influenced b earlier attachment patterns.Past insecure attachments can be repaired, but not always3.Temperament- Biologically-based core of individual differences in - Style of approach- Response to the environment that is stable across time and situations3 Types:-1. Effortful control (regulating attention and emotion, self-soothing) -2. Negative mood (fearful, angry, unhappy) (slow-to-warm babies fall in this category)-3. Exuberant (active, social, not shy) 4.What are the characteristics of a good (high quality) daycare?
- Spring '16
- Emily Blumenthal
- Theory of cognitive development