According to the text marriage is a social process

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According to the text, marriage is a “social process that transforms the status of a man and woman, stipulates the degree of sexual access the married partners may have to each other, establishes the legitimacy of children born to the wife, and creates relationships between the kin of the wife and the kin of the husband.” The following quote generally indicated the culture of marriage: “However variable in cultural form,
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biological procreation is a universal feature of all forms of marriage, and marriage is a universal human institution that provides cultural legitimacy for sexuality.” For example, a marriage ritual may be seen as the joining spouses together, however their production of offspring takes time and cannot be assured in advance. Traditionally in some societies, a couple is not considered married until they bear a child. Ultimately the birth of a child gives the wife kinship with her husband’s relatives and her husband kinship with her relatives, thus demonstrating how families change over time. This transformation, however, varies from one society to next depending on how there defined and organized. Ideally “children create a link to the lineage that is independent of her husband.” The first question to answer is what exactly is family? Ideally children serve many purposes to societies. They hold the responsibility of continuing to carry out their culture and create families. The idea of family strongly fluctuates from culture to culture including conjugal, nonconjugal, nuclear, polygynous, extended, and joint. Conjugal families are based on marriage that contains a husband, wife, and their children, while nonconjugal is only a woman with her children and the father absent. A nuclear family is made up of two generations including parents and their unmarried children. Polygynous families are significantly different in their dynamics causing much conflict. These relations include the wife interacting with her cowives as individuals and as a group. Although their society may be very close, these wives generally compete for the well being of their own children. In some societies, many generations live together. For example extended families have three generations in one household and joint families have brothers, sisters, their wives or husbands, along with their children living together. Therefore many anthropologists conclude that although many societies differ in marriage rituals and family, they all have the general notion that procreation is vital within a culture due to the ability to transfer their unique beliefs and customs from one generation to the next. Without reproduction and procreation cultures will be unable to carry out traditions, language, and religion. “Ordinarily, a typical marriage consists if a man and a woman; however each offers an alternative way of understanding the combination of features that define appropriate unions in a particular society.” The idea of sexuality fluctuates from culture to culture in regards to its universal human institution created from marriage. “In the
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Christopher Reinemann
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