Socialism: An economic system in which the number and types of goods produced and who they are distributed to, are decided by the government rather tan by the actions of a market Masculinity: The set of personal characteristics that society defines are being typical of men Patrilocal: A kinship system in which newly married couples live with the husband’s parents
Social Class and Families 17:01 Poverty Line: A federally defined income limit defined as the cost of an “economy” diet for a family, multiplied by three Social Class: An ordering of all persons in a society according to their degrees of economic resources, prestige, and privilege Life Chances: The resources and opportunities that people have to provide themselves with material goods and favorable living conditions Status Group: A group of people who share a common style of life and often identify with each other Ideal type: A hypothetical model that consists of the most significant characteristics, in extreme form, of a social phenomenon Upper-class Families: Families that have amassed wealth and privilege and that often have substantial prestige as well Middle-class Families: Families whose connection to the economy provides them with a secure, comfortable income and allows them to live well above a subsistence level Working-class Families: Families whose income can reliably provide only for the minimum needs of what other people see as a decent life Lower-class Families: Families whose connection to the economy is so tenuous that they cannot reliably provide for a decent life Assortative Marriage: The tendency of people to marry others similar to themselves Women-centered Kinship:
Social Class and Families 17:01 A kinship structure in which the strongest bonds of support and care-giving occur among a network of women, most of them relatives, who may live in more than one household Assigned kinship: The more restricted set of kinship ties that middle-class people acquire automatically at birth and when they marry Father, mother, grandparents, husband, wife, children Created kinship: Recruit assistance wherever it can be found
Race, Ethnicity, and Families 17:01 Racial-ethnic group: People who share a common identity and whose members think of themselves as distinct from others by virtue of ancestry, culture, and sometimes physical characteristics Social creations Hispanic: A person living in the US who traces his or her ancestry to Latin America Asian American: A person living in the US who comes from or is descended from people who came from an Asian country Non-Hispanic Whites:
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- Fall '08
- Sociology, Sociological theory, partner, Kinship group, Late Modern Era