Death results in a permanent loss of income from less

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Death results in: a permanent loss of income, from less labor on the farm or from lowerremittances; funeral and mourning costs; and the removal of children from school inorder to save on educational expenses and increase household labor, resulting in a severeloss of future earning potential.Education:AIDS affects the education sector in at least three ways: the supply of experiencedteachers will be reduced by AIDS-related illness and death; children may be kept out of school ifthey are needed at home to care for sick family members or to work in the fields; and childrenmay drop out of school if their families cannot afford school fees due to reduced householdincome as a result of an AIDS death. Another problem is that teenage children are especiallysusceptible to HIV infection.Therefore, the education system also faces a special challenge to educate students about AIDSand equip them to protect themselves.Nutrition in Hiv\AIDSNutritional counseling may include education on various topics, including:Healthy eatingAchieving or maintaining a healthy body weightManaging lipid abnormalitiesManaging dietary complications related to antiretroviral treatment
Health Education –HIV/Aids NotesManaging symptoms that may affect food intakeAppropriate use of herbal and/or nutritional supplementsThe role of exerciseFood safety (important for preventing opportunistic infections)Dietary advice should be tailored to individual circumstances. However, in general therecommendations for people living with asymptomatic HIV infection are much the same as foreveryone else, meaning a healthy, balanced diet. Only three differences are worth noting:Because people with untreated HIV tend to burn more energy, the total number ofcalories should be around 10% higher than the usual guideline amounts, and up to 30%higher during recovery from illness. The balance of fat, protein and carbohydrates shouldremain the same.Many experts recommend a daily multivitamin (usually without iron, except inmenstruating women or people with iron deficiency).The World Health Organisation recommends vitamin A supplements every 4-6 monthsfor young children living with HIV in resource-poor settings.HIV positive people suffering loss of appetite may need to make an extra effort to ensure theyare eating enough. Helpful suggestions include eating several small meals per day, takingexercise to stimulate appetite, possibly mashing or liquidizing food to ease swallowing, andseeking advice from a health provider or dietician.If other approaches have failed to reverse wasting then doctors may recommend a liquid foodsupplement, an appetite stimulant, or resistance exercise to build muscle. Other possibilitiesinclude steroids and hormone treatments, though these can be expensive and have serious sideeffects.

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Term
Spring
Professor
BROWN
Tags
Management, Education HIV Aids Notes, Health Education HIV Aids

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