o Human Resource Variables o High commitment actively promote to training and

O human resource variables o high commitment actively

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o Human Resource Variables o High commitment (actively promote) to training and development to keep employees’ skills current. o Offer high job security to encourage risk taking o Creative people (encourage individuals to be “champions” of change) o Idea Champion – dynamic self-confident leaders who actively and enthusiastically inspire support for new ideas, build support, overcome resistance, and ensure that innovations are implemented. (not necessary in mechanistic, stable environments). o Cultural Variables o Acceptance of Ambiguity
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o Tolerance of the impractical o Low external controls o Tolerance of risks o Tolerance of conflict o Focus on Ends rather than the means o Develop an Open System Focus o Provide Positive Feedback Stimulate Innovation: Learning Organization o In learning organizations, everyone… o Sets aside the old ways of thinking o Becomes self aware and open to others o Learns how the whole organization works o Understands and agrees to a plan of action o Works together to accomplish the plan Challenges of Change o In highly innovative organizations, corporate strategy and culture should… o Emphasize an entrepreneurial spirit o Expect innovation o Accept failure o Be willing to take risks o In highly innovative organizations, top management should… o Understand the innovation process o Be tolerant of criticism and differences of opinion o Take all possible steps to keep goals clear o Maintain the pressure to succeed o Break down barriers to innovation o Strategies must come from corporate level and be supported by top management. Will not work through a bottom-up approach.
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