Restorative Justice: A system of justice that gives approximately equal weight to community protection, offender accountability, and the offender. It is oriented to repairing the harm caused by the crime and involves a face-to-face confrontation between the victim and perpetrator in the hope of arriving at a mutually agree-able solution. Victim–offender Reconciliation Programs (VORPs): Programs designed to bring offenders and their victims together in an attempt to reconcile (“make right”) the wrongs offenders have caused. It is an integral component of the restorative justice philosophy.
SAGE Publishing, 2019 Work Release Programs: Programs designed to control offenders in a secure environment while at the same time allowing them to maintain employment.+ Lecture Notes Chapter 8: Prison and the Correctional Client Learning Objectives 8.1 Describe the differences between types of prisons 8.2 Describe what factors affect the operation of prisons 8.3 Explain what prisonization, mortification, importation, pains of imprisonment, and mature coping are and how they influence inmate behavior 8.4 Evaluate the roles of inmates, staff, and prison gangs and why they exist in prisons 8.5 Identify the reasons why violence, riots, and sexual assaults occur in prisons and some strategies for their reduction 8.6 Describe the challenges of meeting the needs of aging, physically and mentally ill, and LGBTI (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex) inmates in prisons Chapter Summary Prisons come in various shapes and security levels. To varying degrees, inmates experience mortification and pain related to their status, and as humans, they will behave in either pro- or antisocial ways to lessen that pain. Inmates adopt certain roles and engage in certain behaviors because they are prisonized and adopt the subculture or because they import aspects of the culture from the outside community into the prison. Total institutions exist to different degrees, depending on the security level and operation of prisons.
SAGE Publishing, 2019 Gangs and violence are one way that inmates “adjust” to their environment and have their needs met and their pain alleviated. Strategies to reduce violence exist and can be practiced by agencies interested in reducing violence. Mature coping is one way that correctional clients can fruitfully “adjust” and perhaps reform in that environment. Social support, even when inmates are on the “inside,” may potentially have prosocial effects (e.g., reduce violence) while inmates are in the prison and once they leave. Special-population inmates present unique challenges for administrators interested in meeting their needs and keeping them safe in the correctional environment.
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- The Land, SAGE Publishing