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However its mechanics were still like those of an

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However, its mechanics were still like those of an audio cassette. Its advantage lay in theability to create personal music collections and to copy these with ease. Its greatestdisadvantage was the inability to control playing order, even though one could skip or replaytracks (Malm, 1992;Swanson, 2013).This changed in the early 1990s, with the advent of the computers and the beginning ofMP3 use. The digital era and the beginning of home Internet use served as the background forMP3 use. Like all files, MP3 files could be sent via email or shared online. Likewise, files couldbe downloaded via dedicated service plans. An example is Napstera service that was basedon peer-to-peer sharing. Napster was founded in 1999 and became one of the first services toallow the sharing and exchange of MP3 files on a large scale and for free. Following theestablishment of such services, new options emerged such as: unlimited access to musicalitems for free; a certain degree of ownership (albeit illegal) of the songs downloaded to theusers computer; and the ability to manage personal music collection in a variety of ways.Those advanced options inaugurated a substantial change in the music industry (Denegri-Knott and Tadajewski, 2010;Swanson, 2013).In 2002, the possibilities of music consumption developed even further, with theestablishment of online music services based on media streaming technology. Thistechnology allowed a user to play audio, video or multimedia files through the Internet via adirect, simultaneous and real-time transfer. Streaming files could be used the moment theirdata was received and saved on the receiving station (e.g. the service providing them). Itbecame unnecessary to physically download the files onto the users computer and the songsleft no hard copies. It is important to note that such services are careful to maintain the hightechnical quality of their contents (Nguyenet al., 2014;Snelson, 2011).There are currently a number of different streaming services; this paper will focus onmusic streaming applications (e.g. Spotify, SoundCloud and TuneIn). These applicationswere established as personal radios, expanding regular media channels. Instead of the userlistening to a predetermined playlist chosen by a higher authority, these services allow thelisteners to choose for themselves how to manage and share content (Nguyenet al., 2014;Snelson, 2011). According toWikstrom (2009), music aficionados play a much more activerole in the music industry, being also creators of musical content. The option to share musicalcontent also added a social dimension to music consumption, as MSA users are able torecommend to each other songs that match their musical preference. Thus, nowadaysInformationaspects inmusicstreaming apps121
listening to music may be considered a social activity, as it is consumed and shared by anumber of people simultaneously (H±akanssonet al., 2007;Liu and Reimer, 2008;OHara andBrown, 2006;Seeburgeret al., 2012).Fenby-Hulse (2016)however dismisses this claimand states that the digital platforms seem less concerned with community and interaction andmore about curation.

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Term
Summer
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Music, Test, Wind, Streaming media, Internet privacy

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