3 In 1934 Herskovits and his wife Frances spent more than three months in the

3 in 1934 herskovits and his wife frances spent more

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[3] In 1934, Herskovits and his wife Frances spent more than three months in the Haitian village of Mirebalais , the findings of which research he published in his 1937 book Life in a Haitian Valley . In its time, this work was considered one of the most accurate depictions of the Haitian practice of Vodou . He meticulously detailed the lives and Vodou practices of Mirebalais residents during his three-month stay. They conducted field work in Benin, Brazil, Haiti, Ghana, Nigeria and Trinidad. In 1938 Herskovits established the new Department of Anthropology at Northwestern. [2]
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In the early 1940s, Herkovits and his wife Frances met Barbara Hadley Stein , who was in Brazil to do research on abolition of slavery there. She introduced to them Stanley J. Stein , a graduate student in Latin American history at Harvard. With advice from Herkovits, Stein and Stein recorded black songs called jongos [ what language is this? ] , which have recently received considerable scholarly attention. [4] Herskovits also influenced Alan Lomax , who collected African American songs. In 1948, Herskovits founded the first major interdisciplinary American program in African studies at Northwestern University with aid of a three-year, $30,000 grant from the Carnegie Foundation , followed by a five-year $100,000 grant from the Ford Foundation in 1951. The Program of African Studies was the first of its kind at a United States academic institution. [5] The goals of the program were to "produce scholars of competence in their respective subjects, who will focus the resources of their special fields on the study of aspects of African life relevant to their disciplines." [2] The Melville J. Herskovits Library of African Studies at Northwestern University, established in 1954, is the largest separate Africana collection in the world. To date, it contains more than 260,000 bound volumes, including 5,000 rare books, more than 3,000 periodicals, journals and newspapers, archival and manuscript collections, 15,000 books in 300 different African languages , extensive collections of maps, posters, videos and photographs, as well as electronic resources.
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