Todays geographical environment can be defined as set

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Today's geographical environment can be defined as set of both natural, social and technical conditions of living and working of men that came out and developed in the geosphere Geographical environment is a product of complex and individual components of environment (including anthropogenic elements) that are closely interdependent and mutually dependent, and are in constant motion and transformation process. Geographical environment is one of the most important features of the environment, which has the ability to self-regulation and self- organization. All elements of the environment are involved in the processes of circulation and exchange of matter that are conditioning the existence of organic life. We should not consider the environment as a sum of independent components, but nature as a system composed of many interdependent components. Interaction in the system "man-environment The question: to what extend the geographical environment defines the conditions for spatial development of socio-economical system and its individual components caused different opinions: - The first concept known as geographical determinism was developed in late eighteenth century by French philosopher Montesquieu. - According to determinism, there is clear and features a one-way relationship between environment and mental health characteristics of people living in, those as well as to the processes of social life and cultural creativity. - In this theory, the decisive role played by climate, which affects societies, retard or accelerate human development. Therefore, one form of geographical determinism is determinism climatic . Environmental determinism claims that "there is a causal relationship of living organisms with the environment, because socio- economic development is a straightforward consequence of ecological conditions” - According to determinism, there is clear and features a one-way relationship between environment and mental health characteristics of people living in them and the processes of social life and cultural creativity. In the late nineteenth century the concept of geographical determinism initiated creation of geopolitics . - “Geopolitics” promoted the ideas of imperialism, the expansion of invading, exaggerated the role of the environment and advocated such an international division of labour, which strengthened the division between poor countries of agricultural colonization and strong independent industrial countries
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N ihilism is opposite to geographical determinism (indeterminism, geographical voluntarism) neglecting any environmental impacts on socio-economic development - Nihilists proclaimed that human existence and the activities of the socio-economic and political is one thing, and the geographical environment is a completely separate issue.
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