Constructing culture 2 Constructing the self 3 Constructing society Social

Constructing culture 2 constructing the self 3

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Constructing culture 2. Constructing the self 3. Constructing society
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Social Interaction: Social Construction of Reality (Berger & Luckmann’s Social Construction of Reality, cont’d) 1. Constructing Culture Our actions aren’t strictly biologically determined We create culture (Chpt 3) to establish order & meaning Culture enables us to make sense of our experiences & to pattern our actions 2. Constructing the Self Through socialization (Chpt 4), we become products of the worlds we create. Anytime we enter a new social world, we are socialized to learn what accompanies whichever new role we step into. Through socialization, we are constrained by the very culture we construct
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Social Interaction: Social Construction of Reality (Berger & Luckmann’s Social Construction of Reality, cont’d) 3. Constructing Society In between the first two steps (constructing culture & constructing the self), we lose individual control of the culture as we share it with others As a result of the shared acceptance, it becomes reinforced & becomes more real, even though it was all constructed through social interaction
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Social Interaction: Social Construction of Reality Key Takeaways Social construction of reality is an ongoing process Individuals create society while at the same time, we are becoming the products of the society we are constructing Berger & Luckmann’s Social Construction of Reality, cont’d)
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Elements of Social Structure Playing a well-loved family game with someone else’s family When it comes to games, the rules we create provide us with a coherent structure. Do we use a board? Cards? Dice? What actions can players take? When? What is the goal? But, when the rules change, whether in a game or in society, we need to alter our actions to match.
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Elements of Social Structure Social Structure: The underlying framework of society consisting of the positions people occupy & the relationships between them Social Structure has 4 Elemental Building Blocks 1. Statuses & Roles 2. Groups 3. Social Networks 4. Social Institutions
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Elements of Social Structure: Statuses & Roles The individuals in a setting matter less than the parts that they play Status : the social positions we occupy relative to others Status is the most basic component of social structure Family examples: daughter, grandmother, nephew Workplace: assistant manager, CEO, salesperson, coworker Statuses emphasize the position over the person Allowing statuses to exist independent of the people who occupy them We have multiple statuses at the same time & move in/out of different statuses over the course of our lives
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Elements of Social Structure: Statuses & Roles (Status cont’d) Achieved status: a social position we have earned as a consequence of something we have done Can be positive College graduate Sorority member Pianist Father Researcher Soccer player or negative Prisoner Cheater Abuser
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(Status cont’d)
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