15 -The dominant force is still agriculture- but a new force has arisen within. This new force is early production. -For example: cottage industry. The making of tools now becomes important work in urban areas -Formation of early States. 5) FEUDAL SOCIETY -These developed in Europe after the collapse of the Roman empire -The class of serfs work the land for the small aristocracy -There is an increasing centralization of land holdings and an increasing political legal control over these land holdings. -The appearance of highly specific relations of production -„social caste‟ system contains at least 7 castes ie) Lords, Vessels, serfs, knights, clergy -dominant force of production is still agriculture -BUT towns and cities are becoming more capable of providing the materials for land and responding to the needs of agriculture MODE of production: agriculture Relations of production: hierarchy, Gods, Kings, Knights, serfs ect (caste system). This system continues for about 500 years with no problems what so ever. BUT the production of goods and services is increasing and people realize that the productive methods in feudalism do NOT just have to be used in relation to agriculture. There is increasing urbanization. THUSthe merchants, traders, and bankers become dominant. THEN, the bourgeoisie begin to dominate. At this time they want more workers, and more factories. Therefore, they must attack the whole logic of feudalism in order to make more money. Catholicism moves to Protestantism and this shift allows them to make more profit and justify it in an ideologically productive manner.