Forces of production a hunting and gathering b

This preview shows page 86 - 88 out of 120 pages.

Forces of production: a)hunting and gathering b)potential for agriculture In order for agriculture to become dominant- it must destroy hunting and gathering and replace it with new society 2) ASITIC or PRE-CLASS SOCIETY This type of society can co-exist in the same time frame as pre-class systems and ancient societies. The following characteristics were emphasized: -They have powerful, despotic leaders. -Local communities tend to be self-sufficient -agriculture is the dominant force of production -still no classes -not private property -division of labour is becoming more complex -productive surpluses for the first time in history 3) ANCIENT CITY- ROME AND GREECE - This mode of production developed around large cities, such as Athens and Rome. -Based on the amalgamation of communities joining together with one another. -There is an increased concentration of wealth in the cities -Formation of social classes -Transformation of public and private property -Slave classes come into existence to create wealth for the few -Such societies were destroyed by over population and the inability to find enough land for the ruling class. -Here there is an enormous gap b/w the rich and poor 4) GERMANIC SOCIETY
15 -The dominant force is still agriculture- but a new force has arisen within. This new force is early production. -For example: cottage industry. The making of tools now becomes important work in urban areas -Formation of early States. 5) FEUDAL SOCIETY -These developed in Europe after the collapse of the Roman empire -The class of serfs work the land for the small aristocracy -There is an increasing centralization of land holdings and an increasing political legal control over these land holdings. -The appearance of highly specific relations of production -„social caste‟ system contains at least 7 castes ie) Lords, Vessels, serfs, knights, clergy -dominant force of production is still agriculture -BUT towns and cities are becoming more capable of providing the materials for land and responding to the needs of agriculture MODE of production: agriculture Relations of production: hierarchy, Gods, Kings, Knights, serfs ect (caste system). This system continues for about 500 years with no problems what so ever. BUT the production of goods and services is increasing and people realize that the productive methods in feudalism do NOT just have to be used in relation to agriculture. There is increasing urbanization. THUSthe merchants, traders, and bankers become dominant. THEN, the bourgeoisie begin to dominate. At this time they want more workers, and more factories. Therefore, they must attack the whole logic of feudalism in order to make more money. Catholicism moves to Protestantism and this shift allows them to make more profit and justify it in an ideologically productive manner.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture