Determine whether that action would achieve its goal

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Determine whether that action would achieve its goal in that world Implications There are some absolute rules, which we can not break no matter what the consequences False promises Stealing luxury goods for personal use Rule Ut. vs. Kantianism R.U. - good or bad consequences Kant- success or failure of your action 10/02 Certain words tend to have two meetings: Examples Harm Kill
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Intro into Ethics Professor: Jacob Affolter Discimination Disrespect Intolerant First argument for the good will The argument from reliable motivation A person can never do the wrong thing because he rationally determined the right thing to do and did it because it was the right thing to do Any other motivation could sometimes lead a person to do the wrong thing Loyalty to family or country could lead a person to violate outsiders rights Benevolence for individuals could lead to cheating other individuals Loyalty to humanity as a whole could lead to trampling on the rights of individuals The only motive with unqualified moral worth is one that could never lead to a wrong action Conclusion: the only action with unqualified moral worth are actions that are done because they are the right thing to do. KANT’S THREE ACTIONS: Wrong actions In accordance with duty, but not from duty From duty 10/04 Orwellian interpretation -- morally charged terms -- Problem with second formulation Vagueness The concept of treating someone as an end in himself is too vague to give us real guidance If we describe it in terms of respect for autonomy, this just kicks the can down the road Third problem with the second formulation Kant's theory implies that we have no direct duties to animals and people without autonomy Argument Kant's theory holds that the reason that we have direct duties to people is that they are autonomous Most animals are not autonomous Therefore, kant's theory holds that we have no direct duties to animals We do have direct duties to animals Therefore, kant's theory is mistaken First argument against moral worth The argument from moral luck In some cases, teh degree of wrongdoing is based on factors beyond our control
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Intro into Ethics Professor: Jacob Affolter Kants claims about the good will imply about the consequences 10/07: Kantianism Contemporary kantians oftne Reject kants metaphysics Try to stretch the catergorical imperative farther than it can go Also, they tend to downgrade the 2nd critique and the metaphysics of morals Downgrade the importance of self-regarding duties Make kant more abstract than he actually was Moral objectivism: Moral objectivists argue that there are objective moral truths somewhere in the universe and people are making claims about them Problem There are serious moral disagreements within societies and across societies Four alternative theories
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  • Fall '19
  • Jacob Affolter

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