not diarrhea and increased secretions. Facial flushing is not an identified adverse effect of phenelzine. Question 23 1 out of 1 points A patient who has been taking buspirone (BuSpar) for 1 week calls the clinic and reports to the nurse that the drug is not working. The patient informs the nurse that she is still having symptoms of anxiety. The nurse will tell the patient that Response Feedback: The nurse will inform the patient that it will likely take 3 to 4 weeks of treatment before she notices consistent relief of her anxiety. However, some improvement is often seen within 7 to 10 days of starting therapy. Since the patient had only been taking the drug 1 week, there is no need to inform the physician. The nurse would not make the assumption that the medication is not going to work for the patient nor would she tell her that it would take up to 6 months to see therapeutic results. Question 24 1 out of 1 points Morphine has been prescribed for a 28-year-old man with severe pain due to a back injury. The nurse will advise the patient to avoid Response Feedback: The nurse should advise the patient to avoid alcohol and any other CNS depressants while taking morphine. These combinations can cause serious respiratory depression and sedation. Vitamin C, fatty foods, and dairy products are not known to interact with morphine. Question 25 1 out of 1 points A nurse will be prepared to administer naloxone (Narcan) to a patient who has had an overdose of morphine. Repeated doses of Narcan will be necessary because Narcan Response Feedback: The duration of the morphine may be longer than the duration of naloxone. Therefore, naloxone has a shorter half-life than morphine. Repeated doses may be necessary to maintain reversal of the opiate's effects. Naloxone does not increase the action of morphine, and it causes the respiratory rate to increase, not decrease. Dosage strength is not associated with drug duration. Question 26
1 out of 1 points A 64-year-old-patient has been prescribed lorazepam (Ativan) because of increasing periods of anxiety. The nurse should be careful to assess for Response Feedback: The patient who has history of alcohol or substance abuse may be a poor candidate for lorazepam because the patient is more likely to develop dependence on the drug. Alcohol will also have an additive effect with lorazepam. A diet high in fat and carbohydrates or nicotine use should not affect the use of lorazepam. Question 27 1 out of 1 points A patient has been prescribed zolpidem (Ambien) for short-term treatment of insomnia. Which of the following will the nurse include in a teaching plan for this patient? (Select all that apply.) Response Feedback: Zolpidem generally is not used for more than 7 to 10 days at a time. It induces sleep rapidly and should be taken immediately before going to bed. It is true that the drug does not seem to produce residual effects the next morning or cause prolonged rebound effects when it is discontinued. It is available in both
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- Summer '15
- Pharmacology, Morphine, Benzodiazepine, Phenytoin, Lorazepam