Major provincial cities of lyons and marseilles

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Major provincial cities of Lyons and Marseilles favored a decentralized republic to free themselves from the dominanceof Paris 4.After Louis XVI's execution, an informal coalition of Austria, Prussia, Spain, Portugal, Great Britain, and the Dutch Republic was formed to fight the French Republic 5.by late spring after numerous victories over the French Army,some members of the coalition were poised to invade France 6.to meet these crises, the program of the National Convention became one of curbing anarchy and counterrevolution at home while attempting to win the war by a great national mobilization 3. The Committee of Public Safety and the Reign of Terror a.the convention gave broad powers to an executive committee known as the Committee of Public Safety b.Committee of Public Safety 1.gave the country the leadership it needed to weather the domestic and foreign crises of 1793 2.initially dominated by Georges Danton, Maximilien Robespierre (1758-1794) became the true leader 3.on August 23, 1793 the committee decreed a universal mobilization of the nation a.in less than a year, the French revolutionary government had raised an army of 650,000 b.by September, 1794, it numbered 1,169,000 (the largest army in European History)c.by 1795, the anti-French coalition's efforts against France had stalled and the coalition itself was breaking up d.the French republic's army in the 1790s fueled modern nationalism c.Reign of Terror
1.to meet the domestic crisis, the National Convention and the Committee of Public Safety established the "Reign of Terror." 9
2.to preserve the revolution from its internal enemies, rebelliouscities were brutally defeated by the Revolutionary Armies 3.50,000 people fell victim to this reign (16,000 by guillotine) 4.victims included Marie Antionette, Olympe de Gouges, leadingGirondins, and thousands of peasants a.the nobles constituted 8% of the victims b.the clergy constituted 6% of the victimsc.the middle class constituted 25% of the victims d.the peasants constituted 60% of the victims 5.the bulk of the Terror's executions took place in places that had been in open rebellion against the authority of the National Convention such as the Vendee region and the cities of Lyons and Marseilles4. The "Republic of Virtue" a.by the Spring of 1793, the C of PS were sending "representatives on mission" as agents of the central government to all departments to explain the war emergency measures and to implement laws dealing with the wartime emergency b.the C of PS established a system of requisitioning food supplies for the cities enforced by the forays of the Revolutionary Armies into the countryside c.the C of PS created the Law of General Maximum which established price controls on goods declared of first necessity ranging from food and drink to fuel and clothing (mixed results) d.Women continued to play an active role in the radical phase of the revolution 1.As spectators at political clubs and the National Convention, women made members and deputies aware of their demands 2.in 1793, two women---an actress and a chocolate manufacturer---

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