Dif moderate obj 113b msc applying not apa goal 1

Info icon This preview shows pages 25–27. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.3b MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication 11. a. Explain the differences among conformity, compliance, and obedience. b. Name and describe one strategy used to induce compliance. ANS: Suggested answer: A. Conformity is altering our behaviors or opinions to match those of others or to match what is expected of us (no direct asking). Compliance is behaving in a certain way simply because others ask you to; if you do what they request, you are exhibiting compliance. Obedience is following orders given by an authority. B. There are three strategies to induce compliance: foot in the door (if you agree to a small request, you are more likely to comply with a large request), door in the face (if you refuse a large request, you are more likely to comply with a smaller request), and lowballing (when you agree to buy a product for a certain price, you are likely to comply with a request to pay more for the product.). DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.3c MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication 12. When running through the airport, Collin trips and spills all of his stuff out of his backpack. Lots of people see Collin trip and fall, but no one helps Collin pick up any of his stuff or check to see if he is okay. a. What psychological concept is this an example of? b. Give one reason why this occurs. c. Give one way you can reduce the possibility of this occurring. ANS: Suggested answer: A. Bystander apathy refers to the failure to offer help by those who observe someone in need; each person is less likely to offer help if other bystanders are around.
Image of page 25

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
B. There are four reasons why bystander apathy occurs: (1) bystanders expect other bystanders to help, (2) we fear making social blunders in ambiguous situations, (3) we are less likely to help when we are anonymous and can remain so, and (4) the balance between risk and benefit. C. To reduce bystander apathy, you can make the need for help clear or point to a specific person, identify him, and ask him to help. DIF: Difficult OBJ: 11.3d MSC: Applying NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific Inquiry and Critical Thinking | APA Goal 4, Communication 13. Describe two factors that promote the development of friendships and relationships. ANS: Suggested answer: Proximity: how often people come into contact. Researchers found that the more often students come into contact with one another, the more likely they are to become friends (also relates to familiarity and the mere exposure effect). Similarity: people with similar attitudes, values, interests, backgrounds, personalities, and levels of attractiveness tend to like one another more than people who are dissimilar. Personal characteristics: we like people who have admirable personality characteristics. Physical attractiveness: people value physical attractiveness (e.g., facial symmetry) in forming relationships. DIF: Moderate OBJ: 11.4b MSC: Understanding NOT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 4, Communication 14.
Image of page 26
Image of page 27
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern