Also having an additional proton will cause all the inner electrons to be

Also having an additional proton will cause all the

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make them larger. Also having an additional proton will cause all the inner electrons to be pulled closer to the nucleus and even pull the outer electrons in closer just a bit, thus making the atom smaller. Part 2 - Ionization Energy 7. Ionization energy is the amount of energy a neutral atom, in its ground state must take in to get rid of an electron, thus becoming a cation. Cation is a positively charged ion. 8. Graph 2 9.a) Helium, Neon, Argon and Bromine. These elements except for Bromine are apart of the family of noble gases and they have full outer shells which means they do not have to gain or lose electrons. Bromine has to gain 1 electron. b) Lithium, Sodium, Potassium and Rubidium. These elements are apart of the family of alkali metals and are very unstable. They only have a single electron in their final energy shell which means they need to lose it, which will allow them to become positively charged. c) For part 1 Lithium, Sodium, Potassium and Rubidium were at the peak of that graph but they are not in part 2 they are at the valleys. For part 1 the valleys are similar to part two’s peaks they both have Neon and Bromine. 10. Graph 3
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a) The first ionization energy is the amount of energy that is required to remove an electron from an atom. The closer an electron is bound to its nucleus the more difficult it
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