CLEP Psychology Notes

Involved in emotional reactions adrenalin also known

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Involved in emotional reactions Adrenalin – also known as Epinephrine - Hormone Hormone produced by the adrenal glands Involve emotional activity, mostly affecting heart activity Norepinephrine – Hormone Secreted by the adrenal glands directly into the bloodstream Emotional arousal Drive – a response to a need or desire for something Two Factor Theory – Stanley Schachter Believed Emotions are physiologically similar and require conscious interpretation emotions have two components o Physical arousal o Cognitive label Incentives – consequences that trigger positive or negative feelings, often dictate future behavior Intrinsic Control – internal personal controls or motivations that control an individual’s behavior External Control – influences a person’s behavior by giving rewards and punishments Emotion – reaction involving subjective feelings, physiological response, cognitive interpretation and behavior expression
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Theory of Moral Development – Kohlberg Preconventional Morality o Punishment orientation o Naïve reward orientation Conventional Morality o Good-boy, good-girl orientation o Authority orientation Postconventional Morality o Social contract orientation o Moral principals Critics criticized the theory as influenced by western background and not valid among all cultures, genders and ethnicities Epigenetic Model – an interactionist position that suggests our characteristics are the result of heredity and environment o Organisms develop through ones genetic programming and experiences in the environment Test – two terms to describe o Reliability consistency of the results 8 States Psycho-Social Development - E rik Erikson 1. Trust vs. Mistrust 2. Autonomy vs. Shame 3. Initiative vs. Guilt 4. Industry vs. Inferiority 5. Identity vs. role Confusion 6. Intimacy vs. Isolation 7. Generativity vs. Self-Absorption 8. Integrity vs. Depair 5 Stages of Grief – Elisabeth Kullberg-Ross 1. Denial 2. Anger 3. Bargaining 4. Depression 5. acceptance Personality – consists of feelings, moods, and emotions Phobia – continual, irrational fear of a specific situation or object Systematic Desensitization – therapy used to treat Phobia’s, combines relaxation with visualization of anxiety provoking stimuli Operational Definition – best describes “response latency is the number of seconds that elapses between stimulus and the response”
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Proactive Interference – Prior learning interferes with subsequent learning Context memory – Recall performance – forgetting curve – decreases rapidly at first and levels off Hostility is closely related to heart disease Displaced aggression
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Involved in emotional reactions Adrenalin also known as...

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