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The nurse should include the family in the plan of care and also discuss stressors that they are experiencing. Minimizing stressors is the ultimate goal. The nurse should utilize these prevention interventions with both the family and the patient. The nurse is to protect the patient and utilize resources to prevent harm and enhance the patient’s overall well-being(Ahmadi & Sadeghi, 2017)
Leininger’s Culture Care Model•Understanding diverse cultures is critical when providing patient care. •Culturally competent care exists when culture care values, beliefs, expressions, and patterns are respected and honored by those of different or similar cultures. •Nurses must listen attentively about patient’s wishes •This model shows respect to the patient’s values and needs and establishes a partnership between the nurse and the patient to ensure safe, beneficent, and culturally congruent care is provided.(Smith & Parker, 2015)
Examples to Current Nursing PracticeIndividualized patient careCultural Accommodation: Patients who are unable to eat certain foods, advocating for the patient and notify dietary of their dietary requests or restrictionsObtain information regarding cultural beliefs, needs, & valuesInquiring about herbal practices or home remedies uses as treatment regimenDetermine if the patient has specific cultural or spiritual requests Nursing care is flexible in creating an appropriate plan of care and goals for diverse patientsUtilizing different approaches and alternate methods to provide care (Gonzalo,2019)
Positive Patient Outcomes•Can be applied in all nursing settings •Easily Understood•Patient Centered •Enhances patient’s experiences •Strengthens the nurse-patient relationship•Establishes trusting rapport with patients•Helps nurses be open-minded •Enhances Self-awareness•Enhances nursing ability to properly advocate for their patientsBenefits/Nursing Satisfaction•Improves patient care and enhances overall well-being •Receive meaningful and supportive nursing care•More compliant with health care regimen•Willing to listen and consider alternative methods of care •More receptive to educational information•More receptive to medical advice•Reduced stress and anxiety(Gonzalo,2019)
Barriers/ Method to OvercomeBarrier: StereotypeMethod To Overcome: Not all cultures have the same values, beliefs, or religious views. Nurses must not look at a patient and simply know what their values and beliefs are. The best way to over come stereotyping is to never assume. Always ask the patient what cultural needs, requirements, or restrictions that they may have. Patient’s of different cultures feel respected and appreciate when healthcare professionals take their culture and values into consideration. For nursing to be productive nurses must be culturally sensitive and respectful in all aspects of patient careBarrier: Gender RolesMethod to Overcome: Many cultures expect to be treated and cared for by a person of the same gender. If a provider of the same sex is not available, speak with the patient and the family.