English Project 2018.docx

Resulted in the research being more difficult to

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resulted in the research being more difficult to carry out. Moreover, for the purpose of this research project, Fiji Land Transport Authority will be looked at specifically and this case study will determine the people view on how corruption in the area of study affects the society, the people and how corruption arise and what could be done to minimize corruption . Additionally the project will also look into FICAC’s initiative and its contribution towards making our nation a smarter and a corruption free one. 2
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2.0 Overview of Corruption in Fiji Fiji’s corruption and governance standings are embedded in its economic and geographic context as well as in its recent political history. Fiji is situated below the global average in terms of its performance on international corruption measurement indicators and performs poorly in terms of the rule of law. Like many Pacific Island countries, political corruption risks in Fiji while citizen experience of bribery is low. The interim government that took over in the 2006 coup used the anti-corruption discourse, together with the defence of multiracialism, to legitimise overthrowing the elected government. It has since systematically weakened the countries democratic institutions, reduced civil society space, silenced opponents and the media. Some positive developments are to be noted, however, slowly bringing the country back on the path towards full democracy. Recent improvements are notable; however with the establishment of Fiji Independent Commission against Corruption (FICAC) in 2007, the rate of corruption was predicted to decline over the years to come in Fiji. (S.Wickberg, 5 February, 2013) 3
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3.0 Common Methods of Corruption Corruption is increasingly association with bribery, which is arguably the most prevalent and costly practice. As a result, most anti-corruption efforts focus on checklists to prevent active (giving) and to a much lesser extent passive (receiving) bribery. In reality, there are many different types of corrupt practices, all of which fit the classical definition of misuse of resources for personal gain, and each of the below requires different solution. (Corruption Control Con., 2018) 3.1 Bribery Bribery involves the improper use of gift and favours in exchange for personal gain. It is the common form of corruption. The types of favours are diverse and may include money, gifts, sexual favours, employment, company shares and political benefits. Bribery can make official more susceptible to blackmail or to extortion. 3.2 Embezzlement, Theft and Fraud 4
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Embezzlement and theft involve someone with access to funds or assets illegally taken control of them. Fraud involves using deception to convince that owner of funds or assets to give them up to an unauthorized party.
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  • Fall '19
  • Political corruption, Transparency International, Land Transport Authority

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