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2.Republic of the Philippines, the petitioner here, appealed that the lower court erred in granting the petition for adoption for the spouses are not qualified to adopt under the Philippine Law. Issue: Whether or not the spouses Alvin and Evelyn Clouse being an alien are disqualified to adopt under the Philippine law. Held: Yes, they are disqualified Ruling: Under Articles 184 and 185 of Executive Order (E.O.) No. 209, otherwise known as "The Family Code of the Philippines", private respondents spouses Clouse are clearly barred from adopting Solomon Joseph Alcala. There can be no question that private respondent Alvin A. Clouse is not qualified to adopt Solomon Joseph Alcala under any of the exceptional cases a.he is not a former Filipino citizen but a natural born citizen of the United States of America b.Solomon Joseph Alcala is neither his relative by consanguinity nor the legitimate child of his spouse. c.When private respondents spouses Clouse jointly filed the petition to adopt Solomon Joseph Alcala on February 21, 1990, private respondent Evelyn A. Clouse was no longer a Filipino citizen. She lost her Filipino citizenship when she was naturalized as a citizen of the United States in 1988. Private respondent Evelyn A. Clouse, on the other hand, may appear to qualify pursuant a.She was a former Filipino citizen. b.She sought to adopt her younger brother. c.Unfortunately, the petition for adoption cannot be granted in her favor alone without violating Article 185 which mandates a joint adoption by the husband and wife. Article 185 requires a joint adoption by the husband and wife, a condition that must be read along together with Article 184. ===================================================== Statutory Construction Concept -Presidential Decree 603 (The Child and Youth Welfare Code), provides that husband and wife "may" jointly adopt.