however established a workers colony specializing in silk production nearby at

However established a workers colony specializing in

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however, established a worker’s colony specializing in silk production nearby at San Leucio in 1769, and examples of its work line the walls of the Caserta apartments.The collective community at San Leucio figures as the Bourbon monarchy’s most effective socioeconomic effort—it sustained local crafts, educated its inhabitants, and eliminated the need to import silk.The notions of social ameliorative policies had been at the core of Bourbon works, and Carlos had all along a second grand project under way in town. 39 the challenge of tradition, 1750–1900
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fernando fuga and the albergo dei poveri While Vanvitelli developed the worldly Caserta, to Ferdinando Fuga fell a more mundane but no less instrumental element of Bourbon rule: the Albergo dei Poveri in Naples. Born a Florentine, Fuga came to Rome to study at the Accademia di San Luca. He had proposed a project for the Lateran facade as early as 1722 and participated in the Trevi competition as well. His fortunes brightened when the Florentine pope Clement XII made him architect of the papal palaces. Fuga enlarged the Corsini properties along Via della Lungara, and for the papal summer palace at the Quirinal he extended the Via Pia wing to an indeterminate length with what is called simply the long sleeve,“La Manica Lunga.” He finished the stables at the Quirinal, built a prison at San Michele a Ripa, extended the hospital of Santo Spirito and designed its cemetery.The Palazzo della Consulta, 1732–37, a multipurpose building opposite the Quirinal Palace, is his most representative work, combining a carefully coordinated plan behind a lively polychrome facade. The pope’s big spending throughout the papal states was understood as an opportunity to revive a slumped economy. Monumental facades for unfinished churches, public fountains, administrative offices, hospitals, even land reclamation and port reconstruction were the signs of papal magnanimity, magnificienza , well-balanced schemes for social well-being.A rich intellectual climate, drawing in Clement’s case from Tuscan circles, sustained this development. For example, Lione Pascoli, the pope’s economist, developed a utilitarian understanding of architectural programs as efficacious instruments of social policy.There was in Pascoli’s notion little concern for style or form beyond clearly ordered space and structure. Corsini’s enlightened circle advanced an erudite return to the order of Renaissance and classical topoi and a rationalization in all ways of thought. Fuga, like Alessandro Galilei and Nicola Salvi, propelled these values as architectural principles in his work. Under Clement’s successor, Benedict XIV, Fuga’s career did not falter. Indeed, the full range of his talents was exercised, from the most spirited light baroque splendor of the new arcaded facade for Santa Maria Maggiore to a sober Doric-style pavilion for serving 40 the architecture of modern italy
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coffee in the Quirinal gardens.They called it with self-conscious cosmopolitan airs a caffèaus .This addition to the garden provided the
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  • Spring '17
  • Archt. De Veyra

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