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Envious jibe jive see gibe joinder consolidation

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ENVIOUS.jibe; jive.SeeGIBE.joinder; consolidation.Joinderis the act of bringing additional parties into a law-suit.Consolidationis the act of combining multiple lawsuits into a single suit. Cf.MERGER.joint tenancy; tenancy in common.Ajoint tenancyis a property interest held bymultiple owners with identical interests and rights of survivorship. Atenancy incommonis an interest held by multiple owners with undivided (and not necessarilyequal) shares and no rights of survivorship.judgment; judgement.Judgmentis the preferred spelling in American English andin British legal writing.Judgementis standard in British general writing. Cf.DECISION;VERDICT.judicial; judicious.Judicialhas several meanings relatingtocourts <judicialrestraint>, courtrooms <judicial sequestration>, decrees <judicial order>, and thelaw in general <judicial privilege>. Butjudicioustouches the law only byanalogy: it means “discreet; prudent; well thought out.”just deserts.So spelled—not*just desserts. The rare noundesert(pronounced/di-zrt/ in this sense) is cognate with the verbdeserve. The phrase has nothing to do
with end-of-meal sweets.justification.SeeEXCUSE.karat.SeeCARAT.knowledge; notice.Knowledgeis awareness of a fact or condition. In law,noticedoes not require actual knowledge. It can be constructive knowledge: noticeimputed to a person who had reason to know of a fact or condition (for example,because it was a public record).Constructive knowledgemeansnotice, butnoticeis the better term.laches.SeeWAIVE.latent.SeePATENT.latter.SeeFORMER.290laudable; laudatory.Good deeds arelaudable, i.e., they deserve praise. If someonepraises them, those comments arelaudatory, i.e., they express praise.lay.SeeLIE.leach.SeeLEECH.lead; led.The past tense oflead(as in “to guide”) isled. But there is a tendency tospell itlead, perhaps because the metalleadis pronouncedled, and the past-tensereadrhymes withled.lease; let.Both are correct verbs for the renting out of property.Letis not slang orsubstandard; in fact, its use goes back 300 years earlier thanlease. Only the lessorletsthe property, but either party may be said toleaseit.led.SeeLEAD.leech; leach.Leechis a noun: the blood-sucking worm or the houseguest who won’tgo away.Leachis a verb: to percolate water to remove solids.legacy.SeeDEVISE.legation.SeeEMBASSY.lend.SeeLOAN.less.SeeFEWER.lessor; lessee.Lessorandlesseeare the correct terms—not*leasorand*leasee.let.SeeLEASE.
levee; levy.Leveeis the spelling of the word for (commonly) a riverbank and(rarely) a state reception.Levyis the spelling of the noun and verb for laying andcollecting taxes, drafting soldiers and sailors, and seizing property to satisfy ajudgment.libel.SeeDEFAMATION.lie; lay.Youlaydown your book andliedown on the bed. Last night youlaiddownyour book andlaydown on the bed. Every night this week youhave laiddownyour book andhave laindown on the bed. Same withlie low(present) –lay low(past) –lain low(past participle).

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