Demand higher wages union recognition supported by

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Demand higher wages, union recognition Supported by Vegetable Packers Association (AFL) o Filipino workers not part of union, but joined the strike D. Victory and recognition by AFL Filipino and Mexican workers V. The National Maritime Union (1933) A. The National Maritime Union 1933 Guilds/workshops > labor unions struggling against capitalists Bosses v. unskilled workers
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American labor unions were against immigration B. Chinese sailors joined strike 1936 Demand equal treatment for all sailors Demand right of alien Chinese sailors to shore leave o Take time off on the shore Won support from mainstream labor unions 11 Ligitation and Political Mobilization I. Ligitation A. Chinese Challenged Discriminatory State/Local Laws Asians learned to live in the U.S. the American way - rebel Lin Sing V. Washburn 1862 o Challenged police tax Ho ah Kow v. Nunan 1879 o Challenged queue ordinance o Men without it going back to China would be a political statement against the government Cubic air ordinance - jails violate law - overturned Yick Wo V. Hopkins 1886 o Challenged laundry ordinance Strict licensing Discriminatory against a group of people Unconstitutional o Established the "equal protection" principle for both citizens and aliens B. Japanese Challenged Alien Land Laws Terrace v. Thompson (Washington, land lease) Porterfield v. Webb (CA, land lease) Webb v. O'Brien (CA, sharecropping)
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Frick v. Webb (right to own stocks in certain companies) Estate of Tetsubami Yano, 1922 (victory, but short lived) o Parents could buy land under citizen child's name and work on it Circumventing alien land laws o Ex. speeding when the police is not watching C. The Struggle for Naturalization Right re Ah Yup 1878 o Neither white nor black Ozawa v. U.S. 1922 U.S. v. Thind 1923 Naturalization for filipinos in the U.S. military - Act of 1919 o Why can't japanese also be citizens Toyota v. U.S. 1925 o Filipinos not "aliens" Toyota was denaturalized o What happens to the Filipinos after 1934? D. Chinese Challenged the Chinese Exclusion Laws Chae Chan Ping v. U.S. 1889 o Challenged the scott act o Reentry is void Fong Yue Ting v. U.S. 1893 o Challenged the geary act o Registration card Wong Kim Ark v. U.S. 1898 o Won re-entry right for U.S. born Chinese o scott act o Significances?
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Chinese hire very good lawyers If they don't have enough money, croudsource from other Chinese E. The Struggle to Win Women's Admission Bringing women as "wives of laborers" failed Gain entry for wives of merchants Tsoi Sim v. U.S. 1902 - won entry for Chinese wives of U.S. citizens o Significances? o Reversed with the 1924 immigration act II. Lobby A. From court battles to legislative reform CACA Lobbying Congress o Tactics and arguments o Using voting power B. 1930 immigration amendment - victory and limitations III. Circumventing Discriminative Laws A. Cirvumventing alien land laws B. Circumventing exclusion laws Picture brides (Japan and Korea) Creating extra entry slots (China) o
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Christopher Reinemann
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