‘Since’ = the start of a period 8 o’clock 1977Monday Christmas12 May lunchtimeApril they were at school I have been studying English since 2000.‘Ago’ = expression of time + ago six weeks agois usually used with the past tense a long time agotwo days agoI studied English 5 years ago.
GRAMMAR BOOK22‘Ever’ – ‘Never’Structure ExamplesQuestion – ‘Ever’ Used in present simple and present perfect Do you ever play tennis?Auxiliary + subject + ‘ever’ + main verbHave you ever been to Argentina? Affirmative – ‘Ever’ She’s the nicestperson I’ve ever met.Used with ‘if’ or superlative (superlative)Visit the Eiffel Tower if you ever go toParis. (if)Negative – Negative I never drink and drive.‘Never’ + verb in affirmative I’ve never been to Argentina.‘Ever’=at some/any time up to now‘Never’ =not ever
eClass English23Expressions with the Present PerfectThe Present Perfect is used to indicate unfinished past actions, past actions when the time is not specified, and when a past action is relevant now.Structure + Use ExamplesWe can use these expressions with the present perfect: Today All dayThis week This yearAlready Just Yet Lately Recently In the last two months All my life So farEver NeverThey refer to a period of time that is not yet over or is recent. We cannot use these expressions with the present perfect: Two months ago One year ago Last week Yesterday When I was a childThey refer to a time in the past that is over.He’s been in a bad mood all day.I’ve visited my grandmother 2 times this week.I’ve juststarted the class.I haven’t studied in the last two months.I haven’t heard about it so far.
GRAMMAR BOOK24The Preterit Continuous (Past Continuous) Preterit Continuous =to say that someone was in the middle of doing something at a certain time. It s 6 o clock now. Sarah is at home. She is watching television.At 4 o clock she wasn t at home. She was playing tennis. Sarah 4 O´clockSarah 6 O´clockPositive Negative Questionshe/itwas+ verb –ing I/he/she/it was not (wasn’t)+ verb –ing WasI/he/she/it + verb –ing?We/you/they were+ verb -ing We/you/they were not (weren’t)+ verb -ing Werewe/you/they + verb-ing?It was raining. It wasn’t raining. Was it raining?
eClass English25The Past Perfect For actions that happened before related past events or times.Structure I/we/they/you + had(=I’d etc.) + past participle(gone, seen, finished etc.) He/she/it + had(= he’d etc.) + past participle Use Examples1. To express an action completed I hadnever seena movie before then.before a given time in the past. 2. A state or action beginning in the past They had beenfriends for ten years when he left.continuing until some later time in the past.Sarah went to a party last week. Paul went to the party too, but they didn t see each other. Paul went home at 10:30 and Sarah arrived at 11 o clock.