(Adopted from: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Thailand and United Nations Development Programme, 2006. “Community-based Microfinance: An Empowering Approach towards Poverty Alleviation and Community Self-Reliance.”)
57Thailand’s Best Practices and Lessons Learned in DevelopmentVolume1Public HealthTable of Expertise in Public HealthExpertiseExample InstitutionFamily Planning•Population and Community Development Association•Planned Parenthood Association of Thailand•Village Health VolunteersSlowing the HIV/AIDSPandemic•Thailand Business Coalition on AIDS•Population and Community Development Association•Thai Red Cross•Ministry of Public Health•Chulalongkorn Hospital•Bamrasnaradura Infectious Diseases Institute•UNAIDS•World Health Organization (WHO)•US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention•Family Health International•Duang Prateep FoundationMalaria•Ministry of Public Health•Bureau of Vector-Borne Disease•Kenan Institute AsiaAvian Influenza•Asia Disaster Preparedness Center•Ministry of Public Health•Thai National Influenza Center•Kenan Institute Asia•Influenza Foundation (Thailand)
58Village Health Volunteer Program•Ministry of InteriorTable of Expertise in Public HealthExpertiseExample InstitutionFood Safety•Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperativesw National Bureau of Agricultural Commodity and Food StandardswDepartment of Livestock Development•Ministry of Public HealthwDepartment of Health wFood and Drug AdministrationwThe Bureau of Health PromotionwThe Bureau of Environmental HealthNutrition•Ministry of Public Health•Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives•Ministry of Education•Ministry of Interior•Health Promotion FoundationHealth Promotion•Ministry of Public Health•Health Promotion FoundationSector Expertise OverviewThailand has achieved major improvements in public health in the past 30 years. Infant mortality rates have dropped from more than 40 of every 1,000 children dying before their first birthday to only 12.5 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2009. Malnutrition has been reduced, with particularly great strides made in the 1980s when severe child malnutrition dropped from more than 15% to less than 0.8%. Life expectancy at birth for males and females has increased from 60 and 66 years in 1980 to 70 and 75 years in 2000, respectively. The population growth rate has been more than cut in half through effective family planning and has now reached replacement level, where the number of births equals the number of deaths in the population. Diseases such as malaria have sharply decreased, although a serious threat from drug resistant strains of the parasite has emerged. At the same time, Thailand has dealt well with new infectious disease challenges that include HIV/AIDS and avian and pandemic influenza, and has extended publicly financed healthcare to almost the entire population.