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simple ways to communicate to children°°Trobriand IslandsTime is different than what we are used to“time wasn’t aligned to move along as it was to a puddle” oTime is a puddle°°Time- Fluid, Dynamic, Changing °°Cell Phones: “Soft Time”People are easily reachable oBeing able to text and call to inform you are ruling lateEx: calling daycare to say you are running lateTime is organized is culturally specific wayso2005 Japanese train crashEngineer increased the speed so he wouldn’t be 90 minutes late“Fashionably late”ono one wants to be the first person at the party°°Group Membership; Shared Relationship to TimePuerto Rican timeBlack people time°°Oriented to Future, but Near Future
°°Space organized according to cultural patternsJapanese cultureoFlower arrangement Restaurants compared to buffets °°City MapsAmerican GridsoThink of Chicago then how grand cuts there every street instead of having parallel streetsParisoRound-a-bout French Centralization°°Functions of SpaceRoom for cooking, eating, sleeping, etcJapanese HomesoMoveable wallsRooms can change throughout the dayIndiaoInferior/Superior spaceSeparate space between males and femalesBasseri (Iran)oSpace indicates relationshipsIf there are arguments among people they will move their tents on the other side of the village to be as far from each other as possible
Apartment buildings in IndiaoPut up curtains to separate spaces between men and womenoBlocked windows to recreate the feeling of privacyo“Culturally wrong space”Hopi SchoolsoWindow placementAllow the students to see outside, but students couldn’t see people and people couldn’t see inside the classroom°°Yanomami EthnogeographyConcentric Circular zonesoCircles where people can hunt, gather, etc o“Etic”spaceComplex webs of lines and pointso“Emic”space°°Perception: What you see°°Cognition: Understanding and organizing what you see°°Relative frame of reference:left, right, front, back°°Absolute frame of referencefixed cardinal direction: north, south, east, west°°°°
Understand humans as whole organisms who apart to their environment through a complex interaction of biology and cultureEvolutionUniverse is 15 billion years oldCarl Sagano“Cosmic Calendar”Every billion years=24 DaysEvery 475 years= 1 secondJan 1: origin of the UniverseMay 1: Origin of the Milky WaySept 9: Beginning of our solar system Sept 25: Appearance of life on earthEvolution of Evolutiono17thand 18thcenturies Genesis: Creation of the world in 6 daysoGreat Chain of BeingHierarchy of spiritual beingsHumans, Animals, Plants, RocksCreated separately and fixed for that state of beingSpecies could not become extinct°°Human Origins“Origin myth”