Study looked at dolphins separated from other

Info icon This preview shows pages 8–10. Sign up to view the full content.

Study looked at dolphins separated from other dolphins for 2 years, 5 years, 10 years, and even 20 years o It played signature whistle of old dolphin they knew & another whistle for dolphins that had been separated o Dolphins preferred whistle of the previously known dolphins – dolphins have very good memories Each dolphin has its own whistle like how each person has their own name Memory Overview & Memory Overview Ctd. Memory is and essential and central part to our sense of sense and who we are o Most people say no to having a good experience that you won’t remember o More people would say yes to having a bad experience that you won’t remember Amnestic drug – drug that blocks your memory, often administered w/ anesthetic in surgery o We are more willing to go thru potentially painful & difficult situations if we won’t have memory of it Common mis-memory or mis-remembering is thinking that the yield sign is yellow when it’s actually red o We confuse it w/ other traffic signals – we associate yellow w/ slow down, we see other yellow road sign
Image of page 8

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

o Most people are mis-attributing yellow from the stop light to the yield sign Memories are reconstructions of our experience – we are prone to errors when reconstructing it in our mine There are 3 processes required in order to remember something o (1) Encode information into your memory – unlikely to encode info if you did not pay attention to it Attention is very important in order to remember things o (2) Memory has to be stored someplace Long term memory is actually stored in multiple places through the brain We’re more likely to remember something if it’s stored in lots of different places o (3) Retrieve that memory – finding your way back to the memory Childhood amnesia – idea that you are aware of things and are encoding things when 1-3 years old, but you do not remember much from that period of your life o One theory – you formed memories when hippocampus was immature – encoded but not stored Hippocampus is still developing during childhood o Another theory – memories were storied, but you can’t retrieve them since your retrieval cues have become increasingly dependent on language as you got older Iconic memories – flash memory of a scene, emphasized what things look like Children are very attuned to sensory information but don’t have much language o Our memories & our retrieval cues become increasingly dependent on language as we grow older It may be hard to return to memories formed before we had capacity for language o Most people’s first memory is something emotionally significant for them There are different ways to characterize memories o Capacity – how many things can fit and go into the memory o Length of time – how long the memories last Debunk’d Myth – If you’re unsure of your answer when taking a test, it’s best to stick with your initial hunch o Perpetuated by students, teachers, and test preparation guides o Students are reluctant to change answer since they believe doing so will
Image of page 9
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern