MUSC 2150 Exam Review F17.pdf

1977 mainstream had hits night moves and mainstreet

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1977 Mainstream had hits : “Night Moves” and “Mainstreet” ­ Folksy lyrics, gravelly vocals and memorable hooks ­ Bruce Springsteen ­ Band: E­Street Band ­ Third album got him famous: Born to Run (1975) ­ Lyrics were personal and confessional ­ Form or Formula? ­ A lot of bands followed the basic AABA style; but each band did something different whether making a verse all instrumental or inserted a bridge early in the song ­ Instrumentation relates early rock to rock in the late 1970s together ­ Synthesizer in introduction and chorus (Foreigner) ­ Harmony guitar part (Boston) ­ Shorter tracks ­ 1 st interpretation: late 1970s is a synthesis of early rock
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MUSC*2150 EXAM REVIEW ­ F17 ­ 2 nd interpretation: music was standardized and simplified so it could reach audiences ­ Punk in the United States and Britain: derived from 60s garage bands and “proto­punk” genre; going against mainstream pop ­ 1970s: music did not change very much ­ Fall 1977: “Punk” (movement from Britain) bands like the Sex Pistols, the Buzzcocks and the Clash ­ American record labels tried to tone down the aggressive and dangerous image ­ Early 1980s when punk started to be recognized in America ­ Lyrics were political, advocate for social change ­ “Return to simplicity” aesthetic ­ Punk roots ­ 1967­1975: punk was an underground genre ­ The Velvet Underground (early influence) ­ Lou Reed (songwriter), John Cale (bass, viola), Sterling Morrison (guitar), Maureen Tucker (drums), La Monte Young (composer) ­ Associated with Andy Warhol (part of art shows in 1966/1967) ­ Confronted sexual stereotypes, hard drug use ­ First album out (The Velvet Underground and Nico) went unnoticed ­ Last performance in 1970 ­ The Stooges (Iggy Pop: outrageous performer, challenged audiences) ­ Band: raw sound, loud guitars and drums, screaming vocals ­ 2nd album: Fun House (1970) ­ Confronted changing performance etiquette ­ MC5 (important to later punk scene) ­ Album: Kick Out the Jams contained profanities in song titles and had aggressive sound ­ Confronted aggression level and profanity ­ New York Dolls ­ Used makeup and costumes ­ Were not successful; important step for art based experimental music ­ New York Punk ­ The Patti Smith Group: first punk group to get signed to big label ­ The Ramones: high energy rock, fast, simple songs; received more warmly in UK (no album reached top 40 of Billboard) ­ Main centre for punk (Cleveland, Detroit, LA, Boston had small scenes) ­ Dressed in ripped jeans, leather jackets, safety pins, big colourful hair ­ Not corporate (did musical productions themselves) ­ Rise of Punk in the UK (1974­1977) ­ Due to socio economic recession (youth could not find jobs, expressed anger through punk music) ­ The Sex Pistols: liked to create controversies; dropped by record label for profanities on air ­ The Clash: political; diverse (able to try other genres), only group to have real American success in 1980s ­ The Buzzcocks: pop­influenced ­ The Jam: look and sounds from 1960s; hard driving rhythm and catchy hooks; popularity in UK in 1980s
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  • Fall '13
  • ­violent protests, ­German bombings, ­funk element

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