4.3. Introduction The introduction (about half a page) provides the background information needed for the rest of your report to be understood. It includes: a clear statement of the purposeof the investigation or research the backgroundof the topic of your report a brief outlineof the structure of the report if appropriate (not necessary in a short report). Example: Summary from a report entitled: Preliminary Design of a Bridge. This report presents a design for a bridge to be constructed on the Calder Freeway crossing Slaty Creek in the Shire of Macedon Ranges. Two designs for the bridge were devised and then compared by considering the cost, construction and maintenance of each bridge. Design 1 is a super-T beam bridge while Design 2 is a simple composite I girder bridge. It is concluded that Design 1 is the better design. This design is cheaper, easier to construct, more durable and easier to maintain.
3 4.4. Body The body of the report presents the informationfrom your research, both real world and theoretical organises informationlogically under appropriate headings conveys informationin the most effective way for communication, using: ofigures and tables obulleted or numbered lists oformatting to break up large slabs of text. discusses the significanceof the findings in relation to the purposeof the report 4.4.1Incorporating figures and tables: Refer to each figure and table in the text of the report. Example: The communication channels in the company are shown in Diagram 1. Give all figures a title. Example: Table 1 Existing communication channels The title of a table goes abovethe table while the title of a figure goesbelowthe figure. All information, including tables and figures, taken from secondary sources must be correctly referenced. Give the source of the data using IEEE citation style (see References below). Example: Introduction from a report entitled: Preliminary Design of a Bridge, in which two alternative designs are presented and evaluated according to the given criteria and the better design selected.