Ii in the progressive era of the early 20th century

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II. In the Progressive Era of the early 20th century, Progressives responded to political corruption, economic instability, and social concerns by calling for greater government action and other political and social measures. Referendum A law passed by the legislature can be reference to the people for approval/veto; Some Progressive Era journalists attacked what they saw as political corruption, social injustice, and economic inequality, while reformers, often from the middle and upper Recall A recall election (also called a recall referendum or representative recall) is a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before their term has ended. Initiative, referendum, and recall are three powers reserved to enable the voters, by petition, to propose or 6
AP US History Period 7 Concept Outline classes and including many women, worked to effect social changes in cities and among immigrant populations. repeal legislation or to remove an elected official from office. Proponents of an initiative, referendum, or recall effort must apply for an official petition serial number from the Town Clerk. (EKS). III. During the 1930s, policymakers responded to the mass unemployment and social upheavals of the Great Depression by transforming the U.S. into a limited welfare state, redefining the goals and ideas of modern American liberalism. National Recovery Administration The National Recovery Administration was a prime New Deal agency established by U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR) in 1933. The goal was to eliminate "cut-throat competition" by bringing industry, labor, and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices. Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal attempted to end the Great Depression by using government power to provide relief to the poor, stimulate recovery, and reform the American economy. Huey Long Huey Long (1893-1935) was a powerful Louisiana governor and U.S. senator. A successful lawyer, he rose through the ranks of the Louisiana government to take over the state’s top post in 1928. The charismatic Long dominated virtually every governing institution within Louisiana, using that power to expand programs for underdeveloped infrastructure and social services. He entered the U.S. Senate in 1935, where he developed a fervent following for his promises of a radical redistribution of wealth. Radical, union, and populist movements pushed Roosevelt toward more extensive efforts to change the American economic system, while conservatives in Congress and the Supreme Court sought to limit the New Deal’s scope. Tier-2 Vocabulary for Key Concept 7.1 Carrie Chapman Catt Carrie A. Nation initiative referendum recall Federal Reserve Act Triangle Shirtwaist Fire Eugene V. Debs Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies) eugenics Bonus Army National Recovery Administration Securities & Exchange Commission Glass-Steagall Act Civilian Conservation Corps Francis E. Townsend Charles E. Coughlin Huey Long Pack the Court plan Congress of Industrial Organizations sit down strikes Memorial Day Massacre National Labor Relations Board John L. Lewis Frances Perkins Eleanor Roosevelt Indian Reorganization Act 7

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