members with a greater range both serious and minor delinquent offenses with higher levels of drug use and less involvement in the sales of drugs; (4) “organization” gangs are the more serious in their involvement of all of the above. This last group is the more serious and dangerous of the groups. Research has determined that becoming members of a gang increase the likelihood of committing a crime. Even though female gangs are not as common as male-dominated gangs, they do exist. Many of these young girls join crime groups is to escape from other dangerous situations such as home abuse or to gain liberation from gender oppressions. Most often when females join gangs they face harsh consequences such as physical abuse and are often raped by the male members of the gang. There are many reasons for one to decide to join a gang, like for socializing or gain respect. But becoming members of a gang is not as easy as it may seem. New members often go through and initiation ceremony that involves enduring a beating from several members of the gang, or engaging in a “mission” that involves fighting or even shooting members of a rival gang. Typically, members will not stay involved for more than a year because of the exposure to murder and violence. Often juveniles will join to cope with stress that their home life has on them. Gang banging can be a way for some teens to make significant amounts of money by selling drugs and committing heinous crimes. They are influenced by friends that are members and in many cases they are raised up in this violent lifestyle. Learning the “street code” and living by it. Often gangs become family to juveniles that do not have families of their own, and they can find protection and support in their new criminal families. Chapter 17: Other Social Influences Does religion reduce delinquency?
To answer this question, yes it does. Religion influences direct control in the way that juveniles believe that God is always watching them and will punish them for doing wrong. So there is an increase in their stake of conformity. Religion allows more positively influencing people to become involved in a young person’s life while reducing the chances of becoming labeled as a bad kid. There is evidence to prove this. Kids that are involved with a church and the activities and events that are offered by that church or surrounding churches keeps kids off the streets and allow them to find acceptance with a more positively influencing group of peers. Does work reduce delinquency among juveniles attending school? There is evidence that juveniles that hold part-time jobs are less likely to become involved with delinquent behaviors. They are making money which lessens monetary strain. Working teaches responsibility and boosts self-esteem and independence while decreasing the chances of learning delinquent behaviors for those that have a strong predisposition to become a criminal offender.
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- Fall '16
- William Mark Franks
- researcher, delinquent peers, delinquent behaviors