Kanzus- long white robe; customary clothing of the coast.
With the labourers converting to islam, the difference between the infidels and the religious began to break down. The coast people acted with dismay that people from the interior had called themselves Muslim and wanted to use their mosques. Conversion was seen as heterodox. Riots began in coastal towns (1888-89), occurring at the end of the dry, caravan season (shift from travel season to the planting season. Crowd supporters entered the town shooting guns as they entered the town. Members of the caravans came to the coast and were key actors of the riots Importance of the gun in these riots: people who called themselves waungwana and converted from the interior did so through the power of the gun. Guns were not previously a factor of Swahili culture in the coast. Idea of the frontier: the coast is the centre of the Swahili people and the metropole. The interior is seen as the frontier through the expansion of the ivory trade. The Swahili culture was adopted in the interior context and then militarized. Riots resulted in the overthrow of the Omanis and old Swahilis. Thereafter, the interior peoples could gain access to facilities on the coast. Aside: Glassman was important because it was long thought that the riots occurred because of Anti-Colonial sentiments (against the German colonials). This is not the case; the riots were the result of longer term, deeper set social greivances against the omani and Swahili elites. Clear example of how pre-colonial dynamics intrinsically shaped the early colonial period. Looking at encounters through the ivory trade breaks down the barrier between history of the voast and interior, and the history of the colonial and precolonial period. Conclusion: Invory trade intensified interactions between the indian ocean world east Africa and the interior Omani and Swahili interact in a way that led to ustaraabu (influences from Arabia) Interaction between Swahili/Omai and interior populations led to the creation of new and robust cultural forms. Violent frontier culture in the conceptualization of Swahili culture in the interior November 15 th ,2017 :
State-Building, Commerce and Warfare in the East African Interior The interior is a frontier that coastal populations entered. Aim: Explore the relationsip between the expanded icory trade in the 19 th century and the concurrent commercial and political shifts in the interior: Effects of on commercial transsactiosn related to the ivory trade Links between ivory trdae and the construction ad structures of states Importance of warfare as a sub theme to this history that has thus for focused on commerce. Salt trade in Bunyoro and Bannana trade in Buganda. Ivory trade increased because of the expansion of markets.
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- Fall '07
- History, The Bible